Design and optimisation of a high-temperature silicon micro-hotplate for nanoporous palladium pellistors
UNSPECIFIED (2003) Design and optimisation of a high-temperature silicon micro-hotplate for nanoporous palladium pellistors. MICROELECTRONICS JOURNAL, 34 (2). pp. 115-126. ISSN 0026-2692Full text not available from this repository.
The conventional design of the heater in a silicon micro-hotplate employ a simple meandering resistive track to form a square element. We show that this heater structure produces an uneven thermal profile characterised by a central hot spot with a significant variation in temperature of some 50degreesC across the plate at an average temperature of 500degreesC. Four novel micro-heater designs are reported here and fabricated on hotplates with an active area that ranges from (200 X 200) muM(2) to (570 X 570) muM(2) in order to vary systematically the ratio of membrane to heater length from a value of 5.0-2.7, respectively. All the designs have been simulated using a 3D electro-thermo-mechanical finite element model and results agree well with thermal profiles taken using an infrared microscope. One of the designs, referred to here as 'drive-wheel' structure, performs best and reduces the lateral variation in temperature to only +/-10degreesC. The different resistive micro-heaters have been calibrated with the lowest power consumption being 50 mW at 500degreesC, which is well below the power consumption of any commercial pellistor; the maximum temperature before rupture being 870degreesC. The micro-hotplates were electrochemically coated with a 20 nm thick mesoporous palladium catalyst and the pellistors' response tested to 2.5% methane in air. The micro-heaters were observed to be stable for a period of 1000 h and should provide a good platform for exploitation in commercial catalytic pellistors. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
|Journal or Publication Title:||MICROELECTRONICS JOURNAL|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY|
|Number of Pages:||12|
|Page Range:||pp. 115-126|
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