Cofactor-independent oxygenation reactions catalyzed by soluble methane monooxygenase at the surface of a modified gold electrode
UNSPECIFIED. (2003) Cofactor-independent oxygenation reactions catalyzed by soluble methane monooxygenase at the surface of a modified gold electrode. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY, 270 (3). pp. 539-544. ISSN 0014-2956Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1432-1033.2003.03411.x
Soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) is a three-component enzyme that catalyses dioxygen- and NAD(P)H-dependent oxygenation of methane and numerous other substrates. Oxygenation occurs at the binuclear iron active centre in the hydroxylase component (MMOH), to which electrons are passed from NAD(P)H via the reductase component (MMOR), along a pathway that is facilitated and controlled by the third component, protein B (MMOB). We previously demonstrated that electrons could be passed to MMOH from a hexapeptide-modified gold electrode and thus cyclic voltammetry could be used to measure the redox potentials of the MMOH active site. Here we have shown that the reduction current is enhanced by the presence of catalase or if the reaction is performed in a flow-cell, probably because oxygen is reduced to hydrogen peroxide, by MMOH at the electrode surface and the hydrogen peroxide then inactivates the enzyme unless removed by catalase or a continuous flow of solution. Hydrogen peroxide production appears to be inhibited by MMOB, suggesting that MMOB is controlling the flow of electrons to MMOH as it does in the presence of MMOR and NAD(P)H. Most importantly, in the presence of MMOB and catalase, the electrode-associated MMOH oxygenates acetonitrile to cyanoaldehyde and methane to methanol. Thus the electochemically driven sMMO showed the same catalytic activity and regulation by MMOB as the natural NAD(P)H-driven reaction and may have the potential for development into an economic, NAD(P)H-independent oxygenation catalyst. The significance of the production of hydrogen peroxide, which is not usually observed with the NAD(P)H-driven system, is also discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMISTRY|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD|
|Official Date:||February 2003|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 539-544|
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