Electron preacceleration mechanisms in the foot region of High Alfvenic Mach number shocks
UNSPECIFIED (2002) Electron preacceleration mechanisms in the foot region of High Alfvenic Mach number shocks. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 579 (1 Part 1). pp. 327-336. ISSN 0004-637XFull text not available from this repository.
High Mach number, collisionless perpendicular shocks are known to accelerate electrons to strongly relativistic energies by diffusive shock acceleration. This presupposes the existence of mildly relativistic electrons, whose preacceleration mechanism from lower ambient energies ( the injection problem) remains an open question. Here a particle in cell simulation is used to investigate the preacceleration mechanism. Depending on the parameters of the upstream plasma and the shock velocity, the growth rate of instabilities in the foot of the shock can be significant, leading to the existence of nonlinear modes and the formation of electron phase space holes. It is found that these are associated with electron preacceleration, which can be divided into three phases. In the initial phase electrons are accelerated in the shock foot by the surfatron mechanism, which involves particle trapping in nonlinear wave modes. This mechanism is strongly linked to the existence of solitary electron phase space holes. The second phase is characterized by fluctuations in the magnetic field strength together with mu-conserving motion of the electrons. Finally, in the third phase the magnetic moment mu is no longer conserved, perhaps due to turbulent scattering processes. Energies up to Lorentz factors of similar or equal to6 are achieved, for simulations in which the inflow kinetic energy of upstream electrons is 3.5 keV.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QB Astronomy|
|Journal or Publication Title:||ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL|
|Publisher:||UNIV CHICAGO PRESS|
|Date:||1 November 2002|
|Number:||1 Part 1|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 327-336|
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