Japan's security policy, the US-Japan alliance, and the 'war on terror': incrementalism confirmed or radical leap?
Hughes, Christopher W.. (2004) Japan's security policy, the US-Japan alliance, and the 'war on terror': incrementalism confirmed or radical leap? Australian Journal of International Affairs, Vol.58 (No.4). pp. 427-445. ISSN 1035-7718
WRAP_Hughes_9871481-080709-hughes_japans_security_policy_the_us-japan_alliance_and_the__war_on_terror_wrap.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1035771042000304715
Japan's response to the 'war on terror', in the form of the despatch of the JSDF to the Indian Ocean and Iraq, has given policy-makers and academic analysts grounds for believing that Japan is becoming a more assertive military power in support of its US ally. This article argues that JSDF despatch does not necessarily mark a divergence from Japan's previous security path over the short term. This is because its policy-makers have continued to hedge around commitments to the US through careful constitutional framing of JSDF missions and capabilities, allowing it opt-out clauses in future conflicts, and because it has also sought to pursue economic and alternative diplomatic policies in responding to terrorism and WMD proliferation in the Middle East. However, at the same this article argues that Japan has established important precedents for expanded JSDF missions in the 'war on terror', and that over the medium to longer terms these are likely to be applied to the bilateral context of the US-Japan security treaty in East Asia, and to push Japan towards becoming a more active military power through participation in US-led multinational 'coalitions of the willing' in East Asia and globally.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > DS Asia
J Political Science > JQ Political institutions (Asia, Africa, Australia, Pacific Area, etc.)
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Politics and International Studies|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Japan. Rikujō Jieitai [Japan. Ground Self-Defense Force], Japan. Kōkū Jieitai [Japan. Air Self-Defense Force], Japan. Kaijō Jieitai [Japan. Maritime Self-Defense Force], War on Terrorism, 2001-, Security, International -- East Asia, Japan -- Military policy, Japan -- Foreign relations -- United States|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Australian Journal of International Affairs|
|Page Range:||pp. 427-445|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|References:||Christensen, Thomas J. 1999. ‘China, the U.S.-Japan alliance, and the security dilemma in East Asia’, International Security Vol. 23 No. 4. Ppp. 49-80. Funabashi, Yoichi 1991-1992. ‘Japan and the new world order’, Foreign Affairs Vol. 70 No. 5, pp. 58-74. George, Aurelia 1993. ‘Japan’s participation in UN peacekeeping operations: radical departure or predictable response?’, Asian Survey Vol. 33 No. 6, pp. 560-575. Greenwood, Christopher 2002. ‘International law and the war against terrorism’, International Affairs, Vol. 78 No. 2, April, pp. 301-319. Heginbotham, Eric and Samuels, Richard J. 1999. ‘Mercantile realism and Japanese foreign policy’, International Security Vol. 22 No. 4, pp. 171-203. ___. 2002. ‘Japan’s dual hedge’, Foreign Affairs Vol. 81 No. 5, September/October, pp. 110-123. Hook, Glenn D. 1996. Militarization and Demilitarization in Contemporary Japan, (London: Routledge). Hook, Glenn D., Gilson, Julie, Hughes, Christopher W., Dobson, Hugo 2001. Japan’s International Relations: Politics, Economics and Security, (London: Routledge). Hughes, Christopher W. 1996. ‘The North Korean crisis and Japanese security’, Survival: The IISS Quarterly, Vol. 38 No. 2, 79-103. ___. 1998. ‘Japan’s Aum Shinrikyō, the changing nature of terrorism, and the post-Cold War security agenda’, Pacifica Review: Peace, Security and Global Change Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 39-60. ___. 1999. Japan’s Economic Power and Security: Japan and North Korea, (London: Routledge). Inoguchi, Takashi 1991. ‘Japan’s response to the Gulf crisis: an analytic overview’, Journal of Japanese Studies Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 257-273. Kamiya, Matake 2004. ‘The evolution of an actively pacifist nation’, Gaiko Forum, Vol. 4 No. 1, Spring 2004, pp. 12-19. Katzenstein, Peter J. and Okawara, Nobuo 2001/2002. ‘Japan, Asian-Pacific security, and the case for analytical eclecticism’, International Security Vol. 26 No. 3, pp. 153-185. McCormack, Gavin 2001. ‘Japan’s Afghan Expedition’, Japan in the World, http://www.iwanami.co.jp/jpworld/text/Afghanexpedition01.html. Midford, Paul 2003. ‘Japan’s response to terror: dispatching the SDF to the Arabian Sea’, Asian Survey Vol. 43 No. 2, pp. 329-351. Miller, John 2002. ‘Japan crosses the Rubicon’, Asia-Pacific Security Studies Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 1-4. Mochizuki, Mike M., 1997. ‘American and Japanese strategic debates: the need for a new synthesis’, in Mike M. Mochizuki (ed.) Toward a True Alliance: Restructuring US-Japan Security Relations, (Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press), pp. 43-82. Okamoto, Yukio 2002. ‘Japan and the United States: the essential alliance’, The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 25 No. 2, Spring, pp. 59-72. Sakamoto, Yoshikazu 2002. ‘Tero no “bunmei” no seijigaku: ningen toshite dō kotaeru ka’, in Fujiwara Kiichi (ed.) Tero no Ato: Sekai wa Dō Kawatta Ka, (Tokyo: Iwanami Shinsho), pp. 1-28. Sato, Yoichiro 2003. ‘Japan’s security policies during OEF and OIF: incremental reactions meet great expectations’, Asia-Pacific Security Studies Vol. 2 No. 6, pp. 1-4. Smith, Sheila A. 1999. ‘The evolution of military cooperation in the US-Japan alliance’, in Michael J. Green and Patrick M. Cronin (eds.) The US-Japan Alliance: Past, Present and Future, (New York: A Council on Foreign Relations Book), pp. 69-93. Tamura, Shigenobu 2001. ‘Tero Taisaku Kanrenhō no shushi to pointo’, Jiyū Minshu, pp. 40-45. The Atlantic Council of the United States, The Mansfield Center for Pacific Affairs, The Research Institute for Peace and Security 2002. New Frontiers for US-Japan Security Relations, Policy Paper, February. Woolley, Peter J. 2000. Japan’s Navy: Politics and Paradox 1971-2000, (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner). Yachi, Shōtarō 2002. ‘9.11 tero kōgeki to Nihon no taiō’, Kokusai Mondai, No. 503, pp. 2-20. Yamaguchi, Jirō 1992. ‘The Gulf War and the transformation of Japanese constitutional politics’, Journal of Japanese Studies, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 155-172.|
Actions (login required)