Gas jet as a waveguide for air-coupled ultrasound
UNSPECIFIED (2002) Gas jet as a waveguide for air-coupled ultrasound. In: 1st Ultrasonics International Conference, DELFT, NETHERLANDS, JUL 03-05, 2001. Published in: ULTRASONICS, 40 (1-8). pp. 145-151.Full text not available from this repository.
The directional characteristics of an ultrasonic signal have been studied during propagation within an axial gas jet. The effects of nozzle shape, nozzle diameter, and variations in jet velocity, temperature and gas composition have been investigated. At high flow velocities of an air jet, divergence of the ultrasonic beam was observed. This was attributed to the effects of refraction, caused by increased acoustic velocities in the direction of the flow. An effective waveguide was also demonstrated by cooling the air jet to below ambient temperatures, so that the acoustic velocity in the air jet was lower than that in the surrounding atmosphere. This could also be achieved by using carbon dioxide mixed with air, whereas the use of helium led to increased divergence. The result is likely to be of use in air-coupled ultrasonic materials inspection. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Journal or Publication Title:||ULTRASONICS|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 145-151|
|Title of Event:||1st Ultrasonics International Conference|
|Location of Event:||DELFT, NETHERLANDS|
|Date(s) of Event:||JUL 03-05, 2001|
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