The novel early region 3 protein E3/49K is specifically expressed by adenoviruses of subgenus D: Implications for epidemic keratoconjunctivitis and adenovirus evolution
UNSPECIFIED. (2002) The novel early region 3 protein E3/49K is specifically expressed by adenoviruses of subgenus D: Implications for epidemic keratoconjunctivitis and adenovirus evolution. VIROLOGY, 296 (1). pp. 94-106. ISSN 0042-6822Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/viro.2002.1404
The early transcription unit 3 (E3) of adenoviruses (Ads) encodes immunomodulatory functions. We previously described a novel gene of 49K within the E3 region of Ad19a, an Ad of subgenus D that is similar to Ad8 and Ad37 causes epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC). Interestingly, 49K was reported not to be present in Ad9 and Ad17, other subgenus D Ads not causing EKC Therefore, we investigated whether 49K is selectively expressed in EKC-causing Ads. Using specific DNA probes, we detect 49K-homologous genes in all subgenus D Ads tested. Moreover, 49K-specific antibodies recognize a high molecular weight protein in cells infected with all subgenus D serotypes irrespective of their ability to cause EKC. Sequencing of several 49K genes reveals a high homology without a distinct feature recognizable for those of EKC-associated Ad strains. Thus, E3/49K is a subgenus D specific E3 protein whose expression does not correlate with the EKC-causing phenotype and thus may rather be implicated in illnesses commonly caused by this subgenus. Interestingly, the 49K sequences of Ad 19a and Ad37 are identical. To estimate the extent of the sequence identity between these two viruses, we initially sequenced the right ITR and the hexon. This analysis revealed that the right ITR of Ad19a is identical to Ad37, while the hexon sequence is Ad19p-like. This suggested that the region of identity is much larger and that Ad19a arose by recombination of Ad37 with an Ad19p-like Ad. Further sequencing mapped the crossover within the DNA binding protein. Thus, Ad19a contains a large sequence block (similar to13 kb), from the 100K gene to the right ITR, identical to Ad37. The implications of these findings in light of the temporal appearance of the EKC-causing Ad strains are discussed. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||VIROLOGY|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE|
|Date:||25 April 2002|
|Number of Pages:||13|
|Page Range:||pp. 94-106|
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