Isolated plant mitochondria import chloroplast precursor proteins in vitro with the same efficiency as chloroplasts
UNSPECIFIED. (2002) Isolated plant mitochondria import chloroplast precursor proteins in vitro with the same efficiency as chloroplasts. JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, 277 (7). pp. 5562-5569. ISSN 0021-9258Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M106532200
Most chloroplast and mitochondrial proteins are synthesized with N-terminal presequences that direct their import into the appropriate organelle. In this report we have analyzed the specificity of standard in vitro assays for import into isolated pea chloroplasts and mitochondria. We find that chloroplast protein import is highly specific because mitochondrial proteins are not imported to any detectable levels. Surprisingly, however, pea mitochondria import a range of chloroplast protein precursors with the same efficiency as chloroplasts, including those of plastocyanin, the 33-kDa photosystem II protein, Hcf136, and coproporphyrinogen III oxidase. These import reactions are dependent on the Delta across the inner mitochondrial membrane, and furthermore, marker enzyme assays and Western blotting studies exclude any import by contaminating chloroplasts in the preparation. The pea mitochondria specifically recognize information in the chloroplast-targeting presequences, because they also import a fusion comprising the presequence of coproporphyrinogen III oxidase linked to green fluorescent protein. However, the same construct is targeted exclusively into chloroplasts in vivo indicating that the in vitro mitochondrial import reactions are unphysiological, possibly because essential specificity factors are absent in these assays. Finally, we show that disruption of potential amphipathic helices in one presequence does not block import into pea mitochondria, indicating that other features are recognized.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY|
|Publisher:||AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC|
|Date:||15 February 2002|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 5562-5569|
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