Diversity-based reasoning in children
UNSPECIFIED. (2001) Diversity-based reasoning in children. COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY, 43 (4). pp. 243-273. ISSN 0010-0285Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/cogp.2001.0757
One of the hallmarks of inductive reasoning by adults is the diversity effect, namely that people draw stronger inferences from a diverse set of evidence than from a more homogenous set of evidence. However, past developmental work has not found consistent diversity effects with children age 9 and younger. We report robust sensitivity to diversity in children as young as 5, using everyday stimuli such as pictures of objects with people. Experiment I showed the basic diversity effect in 5- to 9-year-olds. Experiment 2 showed that, like adults, children restrict their use of diversity information when making inferences about remote categories. Experiment 3 used other stimulus sets to overcome an alternate explanation in terms of sample size rather than diversity effects. Finally, Experiment 4 showed that children more readily draw on diversity when reasoning about objects and their relations with people than when reasoning about objects' internal, hidden properties, thus partially explaining the negative findings of previous work. Relations to cross-cultural work and models of induction are discussed. (C) 2001 Academic Press.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE|
|Official Date:||December 2001|
|Number of Pages:||31|
|Page Range:||pp. 243-273|
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