Spontaneous sequence duplication within an open reading frame of the pneumococcal type 3 capsule locus causes high-frequency phase variation
UNSPECIFIED. (2001) Spontaneous sequence duplication within an open reading frame of the pneumococcal type 3 capsule locus causes high-frequency phase variation. MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY, 42 (5). pp. 1223-1232. ISSN 0950-382XFull text not available from this repository.
The molecular genetic basis of high-frequency serotype 3 capsule phase variation in Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) was investigated. Pneumococci were grown in sorbarod biofilms at 34 degreesC to mimic nasopharyngeal carriage. Different type 3 pneumococci commonly associated with invasive disease generated apparently random tandem duplications of 11-239 bp segments within the cap3A gene of the type 3 capsule locus. These duplications alone were found to be responsible for high-frequency capsule phase variation, in which (phase off) acapsular variants possessed duplications within cap3A, and (phase on) capsular revertants possessed wild-type cap3A genes, indicating the precise excision of the duplication. Additionally, the frequency of phase reversion (off to on) was found to exhibit a linear relationship between (log) frequency of reversion and (log) length of duplication. This apparently random duplication giving rise to phase variation is in stark contrast to the 'preprogrammed' contingency genes in many Gram-negative organisms that possess homopolymeric sequence repeats or motifs for site-specific recombination.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QR Microbiology
|Journal or Publication Title:||MOLECULAR MICROBIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL PUBLISHING LTD|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 1223-1232|
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