Diversity-based reasoning in children age 5 to 8
UNSPECIFIED (1999) Diversity-based reasoning in children age 5 to 8. In: 21st Annual Conference of the Cognitive-Science-Society, AUG 19-21, 1999, VANCOUVER, CANADA.Full text not available from this repository.
One of the hallmarks of inductive reasoning by adults is the diversity effect, namely that subjects draw stronger inferences from a diverse set of premise statements than from a homogenous set of premises (Osherson et al., 1990). However, past developmental work (Lopez et al., 1992; Gutheil & Gelman, 1997) has not found diversity effects with children age 9 and younger. In our own experiments, we found robust and appropriate use of diversity information in children as young as 5 years. For stimuli we used pictures of people and their possessions, rather than the stimuli concerning animals and their biological properties in past studies. We discuss implications of these results for models of inductive reasoning.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Subjects:||P Language and Literature
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Journal or Publication Title:||PROCEEDINGS OF THE TWENTY FIRST ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF THE COGNITIVE SCIENCE SOCIETY|
|Publisher:||LAWRENCE ERLBAUM ASSOC PUBL|
|Editor:||Hahn, M and Stoness, SC|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 212-217|
|Title of Event:||21st Annual Conference of the Cognitive-Science-Society|
|Location of Event:||VANCOUVER, CANADA|
|Date(s) of Event:||AUG 19-21, 1999|
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