Measles virus strains circulating in Ethiopia in 1998-1999: Molecular characterisation using oral fluid samples and identification of a new genotype
UNSPECIFIED (2001) Measles virus strains circulating in Ethiopia in 1998-1999: Molecular characterisation using oral fluid samples and identification of a new genotype. JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY, 65 (2). pp. 373-380. ISSN 0146-6615Full text not available from this repository.
A measles outbreak in December 1998 in Bedelle (vaccine coverage < 40%) and two sporadic cases in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, were investigated. Paired serum and oral fluid samples were collected 2-8 days after the onset of symptoms. A total of 53 of 55 outbreak cases and both sporadic cases were positive for serum measles virus-specific IgM. Oral fluid measles-specific IgM was positive in 71% of cases collected up to 5 days after onset and in 90% collected at 6-8 days. By contrast, 100% of oral fluid samples were positive for measles virus RNA by RT-PCR, suggesting that early collection of samples favoured the detection of measles virus RNA by RT-PCR. The measles virus strain in the outbreak was identified as genotype D4. One strain from a sporadic case was also genotype D4; the strain from the other sporadic case was assigned to clade D but was distinct. The degree of divergence from recognised clade D strains suggested that, together with three strains from the United Kingdom, it represents an additional genotype of clade D (GenBank accession numbers AF280800-280807). (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY|
|Number of Pages:||8|
|Page Range:||pp. 373-380|
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