The probabilistic approach to human reasoning
Christiansen, Morten H. and Chater, Nick (2001) The probabilistic approach to human reasoning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 5 (8). pp. 349-357. ISSN 1364-6613Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(00)01600-4
A recent development in the cognitive science of reasoning has been the emergence of a probabilistic approach to the behaviour observed on ostensibly logical tasks. According to this approach the errors and biases documented on these tasks occur because people import their everyday uncertain reasoning strategies into the laboratory. Consequently participants' apparently irrational behaviour is the result of comparing it with an inappropriate logical standard. In this article, we contrast the probabilistic approach with other approaches to explaining rationality, and then show how it has been applied to three main areas of logical reasoning: conditional inference, Wason's selection task and syllogistic reasoning.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Warwick Business School > Behavioural Science
Faculty of Social Sciences > Warwick Business School
|Journal or Publication Title:||Trends in Cognitive Sciences|
|Official Date:||August 2001|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 349-357|
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