Effects of insulin and glucocorticoids on the leptin system are mediated through free leptin
UNSPECIFIED (2001) Effects of insulin and glucocorticoids on the leptin system are mediated through free leptin. CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY, 54 (4). pp. 533-539. ISSN 0300-0664Full text not available from this repository.
OBJECTIVE Insulin and glucocorticoids are known to increase total leptin levels. However, the effects of insulin and glucocorticoids on the components of the leptin system - free leptin (FL), hound leptin (BL) and soluble leptin receptor (SR)- have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine if there is a differential effect of insulin and glucocorticoids on the leptin system. MATERIAL AND METHODS In the first of two studies (study 1), we measured free leptin (FL), bound leptin (BL), a soluble leptin receptor (SR) and insulin, by specific RIA methods, in six healthy subjects on a control day, and subsequently during a hyperinsulinaemic euglycaemic clamp study. In the second study (study 2) we measured the same parameters in six healthy subjects, before (day 1) and during administration of dexamethasone over 3 consecutive days. RESULTS In study 1, on the control day FL levels rose over the 16 h monitoring period (P = 0.051) and SR levels declined (P < 0.001), but there was no change of BL levels. Even after accounting for diurnal variation, FL levels increased even more substantially over 12 h of insulin infusion than observed on the control day (P < 0.001). In study 2, mean FL concentration doubled from day 1 to day 2 (P = 0.01) and remained elevated subsequently, in contrast to FL. BL and SR revels remained unchanged during the study. Fasting insulin levels (pmol/l) increased from day 1 to day 2, but this rise only approached significance on day 4 (P = 0.05). CONCLUSION We conclude that Insulin end dexamethasone increase free leptin levels, but do not change the concentrations of bound leptin and soluble leptin receptor. Furthermore, the dexamethasone-induced rise in leptin levels is (at least partially) Independent of the effects of glucocorticoid-induced hyperinsulinaemia.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine|
|Journal or Publication Title:||CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 533-539|
Actions (login required)