Scale invariance in the retrieval of retrospective and prospective memories
Maylor, Elizabeth A., Chater, Nick and Brown, G. D. A. (Gordon D. A.). (2001) Scale invariance in the retrieval of retrospective and prospective memories. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, Vol.8 (No.1). pp. 162-167. ISSN 1069-9384Full text not available from this repository.
How does memory retrieval depend on time scale? One strong hypothesis is that such retrieval is scale-invariant (i.e., invariant across different time scales). To test this hypothesis, three groups of participants were given 4 min to recall what they did yesterday, last week, or last year (retrospective memories), and 4 min to recall what they intended to do tomorrow, next week, or next year (prospective memories). In line with scale invariance, retrieval performance was indistinguishable across time scales, for both retrospective and prospective memory. An additional finding was that significantly more prospective memories were recalled than retrospective memories, confirming previous observations of the "intention-superiority effect" (Goschke & Kuhl, 1993).
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Prospective memory , Memory -- Testing , Recollection (Psychology)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Psychonomic Bulletin and Review|
|Official Date:||March 2001|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 162-167|
|Funder:||Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC)|
|Grant number:||G9608199 (MRC), G9606610N (MRC)|
# Anderson, J. R., &Milson, R. (1989). Human memory: An adaptive perspective.Psychological Review,96, 703–719.
# Anderson, J. R., &Schooler, L. J. (1991). Reflections of the environment in memory.Psychological Science,2, 396–408.
# Baddeley, A. D. (1976).The psychology of memory. New York: Basic Books.
# Bak, P. (1997).How nature works: The science of self-organized criticality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
# Brandimonte, M., Einstein, G. O., &McDaniel, M. A. (Eds.) (1996).Prospective memory: Theory and applications. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
# Chater, N., &Brown, G. D. A. (1999). Scale-invariance as a unifying psychological principle.Cognition,69, B17-B24.
# Cowan, N., Saults, J. S., &Nugent, L. D. (1997). The role of absolute and relative amounts of time in forgetting within immediate memory: The case of tone-pitch comparisons.Psychological Science,4, 393–397.
# Glenberg, A. M., &Swanson, N. (1986). A temporal distinctiveness theory of recency and modality effects.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,12, 3–24.
# Goschke, T., &Kuhl, J. (1993). Representation of intentions: Persisting activation in memory.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,19, 1211–1226.
# Goschke, T., &Kuhl, J. (1996). Remembering what to do: Explicit and implicit memory for intentions. In M. Brandimonte, G. O. Einstein, & M. A. McDaniel (Eds.),Prospective memory: Theory and applications (pp. 53–91). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
# Mandelbrot, B. B. (1997).Fractals and scaling in finance. New York: Springer-Verlag.
# Marsh, R. L., Hicks, J. L., &Bink, M. L. (1998). The activation of completed, uncompleted, and partially completed intentions.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition,24, 350–361.
# Marsh, R. L., Hicks, J. L., &Bryan, E. S. (1999). The activation of unrelated and canceled intentions.Memory & Cognition,27, 320–327.
# Nairne, J. S. (1991). Positional uncertainty in long-term memory.Memory & Cognition,19, 332–340.
# Wixted, J. T., &Ebbesen, E. B. (1991). On the form of forgetting.Psychological Science,2, 409–415.
# Wixted, J. T., &Rohrer, D. (1994). Analyzing the dynamics of free recall: An integrative review of the empirical literature.Psychonomic Bulletin & Review,1, 89–106.
# Voss, R. F., &Clark, J. (1975). “1/f noise” in music and speech.Nature,258, 317–318.
Actions (login required)
Downloads per month over past year