Retrieval of performed versus to-be-performed tasks: a naturalistic study of the intention-superiority effect in normal aging and dementia
Maylor, Elizabeth A., Darby , Richard J, and Della Sala, Sergio. (2000) Retrieval of performed versus to-be-performed tasks: a naturalistic study of the intention-superiority effect in normal aging and dementia. Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol.14 (No.7). S83-S98. ISSN 0888-4080Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acp.772
Maylor et al. (in press a) reported a long-term intention-superiority effect whereby young adults reported significantly more to-be-performed than performed tasks in a speeded written fluency task. Two experiments investigated whether this effect is also present in older adults and dementia patients. In Experiment 1, middle-aged (n = 40) and older adults (n = 44) were given a minute to recall what they did in the last few days (performed tasks), and a minute to recall what they intended to do in the next few days (to-be-performed tasks). Then was no intention-superiority effect for the middle-aged adults but there was a significant intention-inferiority effect for the older adults. Verbal rather than written recall was used in Experiment 2 to compare young adults (n = 30), older adults (n = 19), and patients with Alzheimer's disease (n = 22). There was an intention-superiority effect for young adults, but not for older adults or dementia patients. The absence of an intention-superiority effect may contribute to the decline in prospective memory performance seen in both normal aging and dementia. Copyright (C) 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Human information processing -- Age factors , Dementia, Recollection (Psychology), Memory -- Age factors, Prospective memory|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Applied Cognitive Psychology|
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons|
|Number of Pages:||16|
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