Quantitative determination of water speciation in aluminosilicate glasses: a comparative NMR and IR spectroscopic study
UNSPECIFIED (2001) Quantitative determination of water speciation in aluminosilicate glasses: a comparative NMR and IR spectroscopic study. In: 6th International Silicate Melt Workshop, FRANCE, APR 13-17, 1999. Published in: CHEMICAL GEOLOGY, 174 (1-3). pp. 195-208.Full text not available from this repository.
Water speciation in hydrous aluminosilicate glasses (with NaAlSi3O8, KAlSi3O8, LiAlSi3O8 and LiAlSi4O10 composi tions) was studied with infrared (IR) and static H-1 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Using IR spectroscopy, the water speciation was determined from the peak intensities (linear absorbance as well as integrated intensity) of the near-infrared (NIR) absorption bands at 4500 and 5200 cm(-1) assigned to structurally bonded hydroxyl groups and molecular H2O, respectively. For LiAlSi4O10 glasses, a new calibration of the linear and integral molar absorption coefficients of the IR absorption bands at 4500 and 5200 cm-' is presented. Using NMR spectroscopy, the water speciation was determined from the static 1H NMR spectra acquired at temperatures between 170 and 130 K, where the H-1 NMR signal consists of a well-defined Fake doubler due to rigid water molecules and an overlapping, but narrower, central peak due to structurally bonded OH groups. The distinct nature of these two signals (doublet and Gaussian) enables a reliable deconvolution of the 1H NMR spectra and quantitative determination of water speciation in the glasses. For a series of hydrous NaAlSi3O8 glasses containing 1.5-10 wt.% water, we found a very good agreement of water speciation determined by NMR and IR spectroscopy (about 4% standard deviation in OH concentration), demonstrating the reliability of both methods. Total water contents determined with H-1 NMR spectroscopy are in excellent agreement with results from Karl-Fischer titration (KFT, < 2% standard deviation).
Depending on whether peak heights or peak areas are used for the evaluation of MR spectra, relatively large deviations in water speciation (12-24% in OH content) are observed for KAlSi3O8, LiAlSi3O8 and LiAlSi4O10 glasses. Static H-1 NMR spectroscopy on KAlSi3O8 and LiAlSi4O10 glasses containing 2.80-4.25 wt.% water tends to support the use of peak areas instead of peak heights for calculation of water speciation from NIR spectra. However, in the case of the LiAlSi3O8 glass (4.04 wt.% water), no clear conclusion can be drawn from the NMR data and other effects such as the choice of the baseline for the NIR peaks or water-dependent molar absorption coefficients may have to be taken into account. In order to resolve these questions, more systematic NMR and IR spectroscopic studies on glass series covering a large range of water concentrations are required. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (UNSPECIFIED)|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QE Geology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||CHEMICAL GEOLOGY|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Official Date:||1 April 2001|
|Number of Pages:||14|
|Page Range:||pp. 195-208|
|Title of Event:||6th International Silicate Melt Workshop|
|Location of Event:||FRANCE|
|Date(s) of Event:||APR 13-17, 1999|
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