Kinetic and computational study of dissociative substitution and phosphine exchange at tetrahedrally distorted cis-Pt(SiMePh2)(2)(PMe2Ph)(2)
UNSPECIFIED. (2000) Kinetic and computational study of dissociative substitution and phosphine exchange at tetrahedrally distorted cis-Pt(SiMePh2)(2)(PMe2Ph)(2). INORGANIC CHEMISTRY, 39 (23). pp. 5271-5276. ISSN 0020-1669Full text not available from this repository.
The substitution kinetics of Me2PhP in cis-Pt(SiMePh2)(2)(PMe2Ph)(2) (1) by the chelating ligand bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane has been followed at 25.0 degreesC in dichloromethane by stopped-flow spectrophotometry. Addition of the leaving ligand causes mass-law retardation compatible with a dissociative process via a three-coordinate transition state or intermediate. Exchange of Me2PhP in 1 has been studied by variable-temperature magnetization transfer H-1 NMR in toluene-d(delta), giving K-ex(326) = 1.76 +/- 0.12 s(-1), Delta H (not asymptotic to) = 117.8 +/- 2.1 kJ mol(-1), and DeltaS(not asymptotic to) = 120 +/- 7 J K-1 mol(-1). An exchange rate constant independent of the concentrations of free phosphine, a strongly positive DeltaS(not asymptotic to), and nearly equal exchange and ligand dissociation rate constants also support a dissociative process. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations for a dissociative process give an estimate for the Pt-P bond energy of 98 kJ mol(-1) for R = R' = Me, which is in reasonable agreement with the experimental activation energy given the differences between the substituents used in the calculation and those employed experimentally. DFT calculations on ciS-Pt(PR3)(2)(SiR'(3))(2) (R = H, CH3; R' = H, CH3) are consistent with the experimental molecular structure and show that methyl substituents on the Si donors are sufficient to induce the observed tetrahedral twist. The optimized Si-Pt-Si angle in ciS-Pt(SiH3)(2)(PH3)(2) is not significantly altered by changing the P-Pt-P angle from its equilibrium value of 104 degrees to 80 degrees or 120 degrees. The origin of the tetrahedral twist is therefore not steric but electronic. The Si-Pt-Si angle is consistently less than 90 degrees, but the Si-Si distance is still too long to support an incipient reductive elimination reaction with its attendant Si-Si bonding interaction. Instead, it appears that four tertiary ligands introduce a steric strain which can be decreased by a twist of two of the Ligands out of the plane; this twist is only possible when two strong a donors are cis to each other, causing a change in the metal's hybridization.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||INORGANIC CHEMISTRY|
|Publisher:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC|
|Date:||13 November 2000|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 5271-5276|
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