Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes
UNSPECIFIED (2000) Kondo physics in carbon nanotubes. Nature, 408 (6810). pp. 342-346. ISSN 0028-0836Full text not available from this repository.
The connection of electrical leads to wire-like molecules is a logical step in the development of molecular electronics, but also allows studies of fundamental physics. For example, metallic carbon nanotubes(1) are quantum wires that have been found to act as one-dimensional quantum dots(2,3), Luttinger liquids(4,5), proximity-induced superconductors(6,7) and ballistic(8) and diffusive(9) one-dimensional metals. Here we report that electrically contacted single-walled carbon nanotubes can serve as powerful probes of Kondo physics, demonstrating the universality of the Kondo effect. Arising in the prototypical case from the interaction between a localized impurity magnetic moment and delocalized electrons in a metallic host, the Kondo effect has been used to explain(10) enhanced low-temperature scattering from magnetic impurities in metals, and also occurs in transport through semiconductor quantum dots(11-18). The far greater tunability of dots (in our case, nanotubes) compared with atomic impurities renders new classes of Kondo-like effects(19,20) accessible. Our nanotube devices differ from previous systems in which Kondo effects have been observed, in that they are one-dimensional quantum dots with three-dimensional metal (gold) reservoirs. This allows us to observe Kondo resonances for very large electron numbers (N) in the dot, and approaching the unitary limit (where the transmission reaches its maximum possible value). Moreover, we detect a previously unobserved Kondo effect, occurring for even values of N in a magnetic field.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Nature|
|Publisher:||MACMILLAN PUBLISHERS LTD|
|Date:||16 November 2000|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 342-346|
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