Spatial noise stabilizes periodic wave patterns in oscillatory systems on finite domains
UNSPECIFIED. (2000) Spatial noise stabilizes periodic wave patterns in oscillatory systems on finite domains. SIAM JOURNAL ON APPLIED MATHEMATICS, 61 (3). pp. 1013-1041. ISSN 0036-1399Full text not available from this repository.
Invasions in oscillatory systems generate in their wake spatiotemporal oscillations, consisting of either periodic wavetrains or irregular oscillations that appear to be spatiotemporal chaos. We have shown previously that when a finite domain, with zero-flux boundary conditions, has been fully invaded, the spatiotemporal oscillations persist in the irregular case, but die out in a systematic way for periodic traveling waves. In this paper, we consider the effect of environmental inhomogeneities on this persistence. We use numerical simulations of several predator-prey systems to study the effect of random spatial variation of the kinetic parameters on the die-out of regular oscillations and the long-time persistence of irregular oscillations. We nd no effect on the latter, but remarkably, a moderate spatial variation in parameters leads to the persistence of regular oscillations, via the formation of target patterns. In order to study this target pattern production analytically, we turn to systems. Numerical simulations con rm analagous behavior in this generic oscillatory system. We then repeat this numerical study using piecewise linear spatial variation of parameters, rather than random variation, which also gives formation of target patterns under certain circumstances, which we discuss. We study this in detail by deriving an analytical approximation to the targets formed when the parameter lambda (0) varies in a simple, piecewise linear manner across the domain, using perturbation theory. We end by discussing the applications of our results in ecology and chemistry.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||SIAM JOURNAL ON APPLIED MATHEMATICS|
|Official Date:||25 October 2000|
|Number of Pages:||29|
|Page Range:||pp. 1013-1041|
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