Children's serial recall errors : implications for theories of short-term memory development
McCormack, Teresa, Brown, G. D. A. (Gordon D. A.), Vousden, Janet I. and Henson, Richard N. A.. (2000) Children's serial recall errors : implications for theories of short-term memory development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol.76 (No.3). pp. 222-252. ISSN 0022-0965Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jecp.1999.2550
Three experiments examined developmental changes in serial recall of lists of 6 letters, with errors classified as movements, omissions, intrusions, or repetitions. In Experiments 1 and 2, developmental differences between groups of children aged from 7 to 11 years and adults were found in the pattern of serial recall errors. The errors of older participants were more likely to be movements than were those of younger participants, who made more intrusions and omissions. The number of repetition errors did not change with age, and this finding is interpreted in terms of a developmentally invariant postoutput response inhibition process. This interpretation was supported by the findings of Experiment 3, which measured levels of response inhibition in 7-, 9-, and 11-year-olds by comparing recall of lists with and without repeated items. Response inhibition remained developmentally invariant, although older children showed greater response facilitation (improved correct recall of adjacent repeated items). Group differences in the patterns of other errors are accounted for in terms of developmental changes in levels of output forgetting and changes in the efficiency of temporal encoding processes, (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Psychology|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Short-term memory in children, Child psychology, Recollection (Psychology)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Experimental Child Psychology|
|Publisher:||Academic Press Inc|
|Number of Pages:||31|
|Page Range:||pp. 222-252|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Medical Research Council (Great Britain) (MRC), Economic and Social Research Council (Great Britain) (ESRC)|
|Grant number:||G9608199 (MRC), R000236216 (ESRC)|
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