Child labor and household wealth: theory and empirical evidence of an inverted-U
Basu, Kaushik, Das, Sanghamitra and Dutta, Bhaskar (2008) Child labor and household wealth: theory and empirical evidence of an inverted-U. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick, Department of Economics. Warwick economic research papers (No.888).
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Some studies on child labor have shown that, at the level of the household, greater land wealth leads to higher child labor, thereby casting doubt on the hypothesis that child labor is caused by poverty. This paper argues that the missing ingredient may be an explicit modeling of the labor market. We develop a simple model which suggests the possibility of an inverted-U relationship between land holdings and child labor. Using a unique data set that has child labor hours it is found that, controlling for child, household and village characteristics, the turning point beyond which more land leads to a decline in child labor occurs around 4 acres of land per household.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Child labor, Labor economics, Home economics, Labor supply, Agricultural laborers|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick, Department of Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Official Date:||16 December 2008|
|Number of Pages:||25|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||MacArthur Foundation Network for Inequality and Economic Performance (MFNIEP), National Science Foundation (U.S.) (NSF)|
|Grant number:||SES-0079079 (NSF)|
 Baland, J.-M., and Robinson, J. (2000). \A Model of Child Labor, "
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