On the role of transition metal elements as structure-stabilising agents in cuprate superconductors
UNSPECIFIED. (1999) On the role of transition metal elements as structure-stabilising agents in cuprate superconductors. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INORGANIC MATERIALS, 1 (1). pp. 87-95. ISSN 1466-6049Full text not available from this repository.
We outline here several key aspects of the crystal chemistry of (high-valent) transition metal-stabilised cuprate superconductors. An examination of the chemistry of the mercurocuprate homologous series HgBa2Can-1CunO2n+2+delta leads us to propose that the inherent instability of the analogous strontium system (HgSr2Can-1CunO2n+2+delta) arises from bond-length mismatch at the interface between the rock-salt and perovskite layers. A simple set of principles can now be formalised for the stabilisation of strontium mercurocuprates via partial substitution of mercury by a high-valent transition metal within the crystal structure of interest. The chemistry of three different cuprate systems, in which high-valent transition metal ions adopt a pivotal role as structure-stabilising agents, are illustrated here. First, we demonstrate how a combination of structural stabilisation (by the substitution of rhenium onto the mercury site) combined with control of the copper oxidation state (via judicious control of the Nd3+:Ca2+ ratio), allows the successful synthesis of superconducting strontium analogues of HgBa2CaCu2O6+delta in the (Hg1-xRex)Sr-2(Nd1-yCay)Cu2O6+delta system. Second, we report the successful preparation of superconducting Hg1-xCrxSr2CuO4+delta thin films, by laser ablation and ex situ mercuration. Finally, we describe a new family of layered cuprates with the general chemical formula (Cu1-xTMx)Sr-2(Y1.2Ce0.8)Cu2O10-delta, with TM=Ti, Cr, Mo, W, V and Re, in which these transition metal substituents, once again, fulfil a key role in structure stabilisation. (C) 1999 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
|Journal or Publication Title:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INORGANIC MATERIALS|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Official Date:||April 1999|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 87-95|
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