Fertility response to financial incentives evidence from the Working Families Tax Credit in the UK
Ohinata, Asako (2008) Fertility response to financial incentives evidence from the Working Families Tax Credit in the UK. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick, Department of Economics. Warwick economic research papers (No.851).
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The introduction of the 1999 Working Families Tax Credit (WFTC) in the UK encouraged low income families with children to enter the labor market. The tax credit, however, may have had the unintended side effect of increasing the childbearing of these households. While many studies have looked at the importance of WFTC on the female labor supply, only few have estimated the impact it had on fertility decisions of British families. This paper employs the 1995 to 2003 British Household Panel Survey and identifies the policy impact of WFTC by observing the change in the probability of birth as well as the timing of birth using the difference in differences estimator. The main findings of this paper suggest that single women responded to the policy introduction by reducing the probability of birth and prolonging the birth intervals across all birth parity. For women with partners, on the other hand, the estimates indicate that financial incentives did not encourage them to enter motherhood but it rather induced women to have their second birth quicker.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Working Families (Organization : Great Britain), British Household Panel Survey, Welfare economics, Fertility, Human -- Economic aspects -- Great Britain, Great Britain -- Economic policy -- 1979-1997, Great Britain -- Economic policy -- 1997-|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick, Department of Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Official Date:||15 April 2008|
|Number of Pages:||36|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
 Baughman, R. and S. Dickert-Conlin (2003): “Did expanding the EITC promote motherhood?”, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, 93(2): pp. 247–251.
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