Flow cytometric investigation of filamentation, membrane patency, and membrane potential in Escherichia coli following ciprofloxacin exposure
UNSPECIFIED. (2000) Flow cytometric investigation of filamentation, membrane patency, and membrane potential in Escherichia coli following ciprofloxacin exposure. ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY, 44 (3). pp. 682-687. ISSN 0066-4804Full text not available from this repository.
Ninety-eight percent of the cells in a population of Escherichia coli in log-phase growth lost colony-forming ability after being exposed for 3 h to the quinolone antibiotic ciprofloxacin at four times the MIC in nutrient broth, a concentration easily reached in vivo. Flow cytometric analysis, however, demonstrated that only 68% of this bacterial population had lost membrane potential, as judged by the membrane potential-sensitive dye bis-(1,3-dibutylbarbituric acid) trimethine oxonol [DiBAC(4)(3)], and only 30% could no longer exclude the nucleic acid-binding dye propidium iodide (PI), reflecting lost membrane integrity, efflux mechanisms, or both. Subsequent removal of ciprofloxacin and resuspension in nutrient broth resulted in renewed cell division after 2 h, with a calculated postantibiotic effect (PAE) time of 57 min. The proportion of DiBAC- and PI-fluorescent cells in this recovering population remained stable for more than 4 h after antibiotic removal. Eighty percent of cells present at drug removal were filamentous, Their number subsequently decreased with time, and the increase in particle count seen at the end of the PAE resulted from the division of short cells. Exposure to ciprofloxacin in the presence of the protein synthesis inhibitor chloramphenicol increased colony-forming ability to 60% of starting population numbers. In contrast to ciprofloxacin alone, this antibiotic combination resulted in insignificant filamentation and no dye uptake, Subsequent drug removal and resuspension in nutrient broth resulted in the appearance of filaments within 1 h, with 69% of the population forming filaments at 3 h, Dye uptake was also seen, with 20% of the population fluorescing with either dye after 4 h, We were unable to relate dye uptake to the viable count, Cell division resumed 240 min after removal of both drugs, yielding a PAE calculated at 186 min. Inhibition of protein synthesis with chloramphenicol prevented ciprofloxacin-induced changes in bacterial morphology, cell membrane potential, and ability to exclude nucleic acid-binding dye. These changes persisted beyond the end of the classically defined PAE and were not a definite indicator of cell death as defined by loss of colony formation, which related at least in part to filamentation.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
|Journal or Publication Title:||ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS AND CHEMOTHERAPY|
|Publisher:||AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Official Date:||March 2000|
|Number of Pages:||6|
|Page Range:||pp. 682-687|
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