Am I missing something? The effects of absence from class on student performance
Arulampalam, Wiji, Naylor, Robin Andrew, 1959- and Smith, Jeremy (Jeremy P.) (2007) Am I missing something? The effects of absence from class on student performance. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick, Department of Economics. (Warwick economic research papers.
WRAP_Arulampalam_twerp_820.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/resear...
We exploit a rich administrative panel data-set for cohorts of Economics students at a UK university in order to identify causal effects of class absence on student performance. We exploit the panel properties of the data to control for unobserved heterogeneity across students and hence for endogeneity between class absence and academic performance of students stemming from the likely influence of effort and ability on both absence and performance. Our estimations also exploit features of the data such as the random assignment of students to classes and information on the timetable of classes, which provides potential instruments in our identification strategy. Among other results we find, from a quantile regression specification, that there is a causal effect of absence on performance for students: missing class leads to poorer performance. There is evidence that this is particularly true for better-performing students, consistent with our hypothesis that effects of absence on performance are likely to vary with factors such as student ability.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
L Education > L Education (General)
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Panel analysis, Regression analysis -- Mathematical models, Academic achievement, School attendance|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick, Department of Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||38|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Version or Related Resource:||Revised as: Arulampalam, W., Naylor, R. and Smith, J.P. (2009). Am I missing something? The effects of absence from class on student performance. [Bonn, Germany] : IZA. (IZA Discussion Paper no. 3749).|
|References:||Buchinsky, M (2001) ‘Quantile regression with sample selection: estimating women’s return to education in the U.S.’, in Fitzenberger, B., Koenker, R., and Machado, J.A.F. (Eds.) (2001) Economic Applications of Quantile Regression, Physica-Verlag. Burtless, G. (ed.) (1996): Does money matter? The effect of school resources on student achievement and adult success. Brookings Institution Press. Washington D.C. Devadoss, S. and Foltz, J. (1996), “Evaluation of factors influencing student class attendance and performance”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 78, 499-507. Durden, G. C. and Ellis, L. V. (1995), “The effect of attendance on student learning in Principles of Economics”, American Economic Review, 85, 343-346. Ehrenberg, R. G., Brewer, D., Gamoran, A. and Willms, J. D. (2001), “Class Size and Student Achievement”, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 2 1-30. Goldstein, H. (2003). Multilevel Statistical Models, 3rd Edition, Kendall’s Library of Statistics 3, Arnold, London. Hanushek, E. A., Kain, J. F., Markman, J. M. and Rivkin, S. G. (2003), “Does Peer Ability Affect Student Achievement? Journal of Applied Econometrics, 18, 527-544. Hoxby, C. M. (2000), “The Effects of Class Size and Composition on Student Achievement: New Evidence from Natural Population Variation”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 115, 239-285. Koenker, R (2005) Quantile Regression, Cambridge University Press. Krueger, A. B. (2000), “An Economist's View of Class Size Research." In How Small Classes Help Teachers Do Their Best, ed. Margaret C. Wang and Jeremy D. Finn. Philadelphia: Temple University Center for Research in Human Development in Education. Lazear, E. P. (2001), “Educational Production”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116, 777-803. McNabb, R., Pal, S. and Sloane, P. J. (2002), “Gender Differences in Educational Attainment: The Case of University Students in England and Wales”. Economica, 69, 481-503. Martins, P. and Walker, I. (2006) “Student achievement and education production: a case study of the effect of class attendance”, mimeo. Rodgers, J. R. (2002) “Encouraging tutorial attendance at university did not improve performance”, Australian Economics Papers, 41, 255-266. Romer, D. (1993) “Do students go to class? Should they?, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7, 167-174. Stanca, L. (2006), The Effects of Attendance on Academic Performance: Panel Data Evidence for Introductory Microeconomics, Journal of Economic Education. 37, 251-266. Todd, P. E and Wolpin, K. I. (2003), “On the Specification and Estimation of the Production Function for Cognitive Achievement” Economic Journal, 113, F3-F33.|
Actions (login required)