The historical roots of India’s service-led development: a sectoral analysis of Anglo-Indian productivity differences, 1870-2000
Broadberry, Stephen and Gupta, Bishnupriya (2007) The historical roots of India’s service-led development: a sectoral analysis of Anglo-Indian productivity differences, 1870-2000. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick, Department of Economics. (Warwick economic research papers.
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Overall labour productivity in India was already only around 15 per cent of the UK level between the early 1870s and the late 1920s. Between 1929 and 1950 India fell further behind and remained at around 10 per cent of the UK level until the 1970s. India has been catching-up since the 1970s, but by the end of the twentieth century was still further behind than in the late nineteenth century. Agriculture has played an important role in India’s relative decline to 1950 and subsequent delay in catching up, since comparative India/UK labour productivity in this sector has declined continuously and agriculture still accounts for around two-thirds of employment in India. Comparative India/UK labour productivity in industry has fluctuated around a level of around 15 per cent. The only sector to exhibit trend improvement in comparative India/UK labour productivity over the long run is services, rising from around 15 per cent to around 30%. India’s recent emergence as a dynamic service-led economy appears to have long historical roots.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
D History General and Old World > DA Great Britain
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Economic development -- India, Labor productivity -- India, Service industries -- India, India -- Economic conditions, Great Britain -- Economic conditions|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick, Department of Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Date:||2 October 2007|
|Number of Pages:||26|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
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