Scanning electrochemistry microscopy (SECM) in the study of electron transfer kinetics at liquid/liquid interfaces: Beyond the constant composition approximation
UNSPECIFIED. (1999) Scanning electrochemistry microscopy (SECM) in the study of electron transfer kinetics at liquid/liquid interfaces: Beyond the constant composition approximation. JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 103 (34). pp. 7260-7269. ISSN 1089-5647Full text not available from this repository.
A numerical model is developed for the SECM feedback mode for the case of irreversible electron transfer (ET) processes at the interface between two immiscible electrolyte solutions (ITIES). Ln this application, a redox-active species is electrogenerated by the reduction/oxidation of the oxidized/reduced form of a couple at an ultramicroelectrode (UME) tip located in one liquid (phase 1). The tip is positioned close to the interface with a second immiscible liquid (phase 2), that contains the oxidized/reduced half of another redox coupler If ET occurs between the tip-generated species in phase 1 and the redox-active species in phase 2, then the original species in phase 1 is regenerated at the interface and undergoes positive feedback at the tip, enhancing the steady-state current. The feedback current, for a given separation between the tip and the interface, is shown to depend on the ratio of the concentrations of the redox-active species in the two phases, their relative diffusion coefficients, and the rate constant for the redox reaction. The results of the model are used to identify the conditions under which (i) diffusion in phase 2 has to be considered and; (ii) a simpler limiting (constant composition) model for phase 2, employed to analyze earlier SECM experiments, can be used. In addition to diversifying the range of conditions under which redox reactions at IS can be studied, the results of the model demonstrate that there are considerable advantages to Lifting the constant composition restriction on phase 2 for the accurate characterization of rapid redox reactions. The theoretical predictions are examined through experimental studies of electron transfer between the electrogenerated, oxidized form of zinc-21H, 23H-tetraphenylporphine (ZnPor) in benzene or benzonitrile and there ductants Fe(CN)(6)(4-), RU(CN)(6)(4-), Mo(CN)(8)(4-), or FeEDTA(2-) (where EDTA denotes ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid) in an aqueous solution. Bimolecular rate constants for each of these systems are reported, with the potential across the ITIES biased with either perchlorate or tetrafluoroborate ions in each phase.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B|
|Publisher:||AMER CHEMICAL SOC|
|Official Date:||26 August 1999|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 7260-7269|
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