Characterization of methanotrophic bacterial populations in soils showing atmospheric methane uptake
UNSPECIFIED. (1999) Characterization of methanotrophic bacterial populations in soils showing atmospheric methane uptake. APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY, 65 (8). pp. 3312-3318. ISSN 0099-2240Full text not available from this repository.
The global methane cycle includes both terrestrial and atmospheric processes and may contribute to feedback regulation of the climate. Most oxic soils are a net sink for methane, and these soils consume approximately 20 to 60 Tg of methane per year. The soil sink for atmospheric methane is microbially mediated and sensitive to disturbance. A decrease in the capacity of this sink may have contributed to the similar to 1%.year(-1) increase in the atmospheric methane level in this century. The organisms responsible for methane uptake by soils (the atmospheric methane sink) are not known, and factors that influence the activity of these organisms are poorly understood. In this study the soil methane-oxidizing population was characterized by both labelling soil microbiota with (CH4)-C-14 and analyzing a total soil monooxygenase gene library. Comparative analyses of [C-14]phospholipid ester-linked fatty acid profiles performed with representative methane-oxidizing bacteria revealed that the soil sink for atmospheric methane consists of an unknown group of methanotrophic bacteria that exhibit some similarity to type II methanotrophs. An analysis of monooxygenase gene libraries from the same soil samples indicated that an unknown group of bacteria belonging to the ct subclass of the class Proteobacteria was present; these organisms were only distantly related to extant methane-oxidizing strains. Studies on factors that affect the activity, population dynamics, and contribution to global methane flux of "atmospheric methane oxidizers" should be greatly facilitated by use of biomarkers identified in this study.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
|Journal or Publication Title:||APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY|
|Publisher:||AMER SOC MICROBIOLOGY|
|Official Date:||August 1999|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 3312-3318|
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