Non-destructive banana ripeness determination using a neural network-based electronic nose
UNSPECIFIED. (1999) Non-destructive banana ripeness determination using a neural network-based electronic nose. MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 10 (6). pp. 538-548. ISSN 0957-0233Full text not available from this repository.
An electronic nose based system, which employs an array of inexpensive commercial tin-oxide odour sensors, has been used to analyse the state of ripeness of bananas. Readings were taken from the headspace of three sets of bananas during ripening over a period of 8-14 days. A principal-components analysis and investigatory techniques were used to define seven distinct regions in multisensor space according to the state of ripeness of the bananas, predicted from a classification of banana-skin colours. Then three supervised classifiers. namely Fuzzy ARTMAP, LVQ and MLP, were used to classify the samples into the observed seven states of ripeness. It was found that the Fuzzy ARTIMAP and LVQ classifiers outperformed the MLP classifier, with accuracies of 90.3% and 92%, respectively, compared with 83.4%. Furthermore, these methods were able to predict accurately the state of ripeness of unknown sets of bananas with almost the same accuracy, i.e. 90%. Finally, it is shown that the Fuzzy ARTMAP classifier, unlike LVQ and MLP, is able to perform efficient on-line learning in this application without forgetting previously learnt knowledge. All of these characteristics make the Fuzzy-ARTMAP-based electronic nose a very attractive instrument with which to determine non-destructively the state of ripeness of fruit.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)|
|Journal or Publication Title:||MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY|
|Publisher:||IOP PUBLISHING LTD|
|Official Date:||June 1999|
|Number of Pages:||11|
|Page Range:||pp. 538-548|
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