High pre-treatment serum hepatitis B virus titre predicts failure of lamivudine prophylaxis and graft re-infection after liver transplantation
UNSPECIFIED (1999) High pre-treatment serum hepatitis B virus titre predicts failure of lamivudine prophylaxis and graft re-infection after liver transplantation. JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY, 30 (4). pp. 715-721. ISSN 0168-8278Full text not available from this repository.
Background/Aims: Orthotopic liver transplantation has an established role for the treatment of patients with chronic liver failure secondary to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Unfortunately, recurrent infection of the graft can be associated with aggressive disease, and with diminished graft and patient survival. Currently the role of nucleoside analogues for prevention of graft re-infection is being evaluated. Preliminary results are encouraging, but treatment failure has been associated with emergence of drug-resistant virus. Methods: We have studied ten consecutive patients who received lamivudine prophylaxis for prevention of HBV graft reinfection. Sequential sera, collected prelamivudine then during treatment before and after liver transplantation, were examined. Conventional serological markers were measured, as were serum viral DNA levels with a sensitive quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. Results: Lamivudine treatment effected a reduction in serum HBV levels, but six patients still had measurable viral DNA at the time of transplantation. Five patients developed graft re-infection with lamivudine-resistant virus. Resistant virus emerged 8 to 15 months post-transplant. The likelihood of emergence of resistant virus was related to the pre-treatment serum HBV titre, Persistent serum viral DNA positivity and evidence of graft re-infection during the early post-transplant period did not predict the subsequent emergence of resistant virus. Conclusions: Our observations suggest that the resistant species may be present in the viral quasispecies in the serum and liver of patients with high-level replication prior to lamivudine exposure. The resistant species can persist during lamivudine treatment prior to transplantation, and emerge following transplantation. These observations suggest strategies which might prevent the emergence of drug-resistant species, and imply that graft re-infection may be a preventable phenomenon.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF HEPATOLOGY|
|Publisher:||MUNKSGAARD INT PUBL LTD|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 715-721|
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