Metamemory in children with autism
UNSPECIFIED (1999) Metamemory in children with autism. CHILD DEVELOPMENT, 70 (1). pp. 107-131. ISSN 0009-3920Full text not available from this repository.
Five experiments are reported comparing metamemory abilities in children with autism, age- and language-matched mentally retarded children, and language-matched young normal controls. The mean language age of the participants in Experiment 1 was approximately 6 years, in Experiments 2, 3, and 4 approximately 8 years, and in Experiment 5 approximately 9 years. All the children were given one or more false belief tests. Experiment 1 assessed the children's understanding that a task variable (list length) and a person variable (age) will affect their own and others' performances on an immediate auditory-verbal recall task. Experiment 2 assessed the ability to utilize category cues in a picture recall task. Experiments 3 and 4 assessed the ability to verbalize strategies used in a memory span test and in one retrospective and two prospective memory situations. Experiment 5 assessed the children's knowledge and understanding of another person's memory. On the basis of available evidence and theory, we predicted that the children with autism would be impaired on all the metamemory tasks and that impairment would be associated with failure on tests of false belief. Our predictions were not supported. The children with autism were not impaired on any of the metamemory tasks, although they were less likely than controls to make spontaneous use of memory strategies involving other people. Unexpectedly few of the children failed the false belief tasks. These results are discussed in relation to theories concerning primary psychological deficits underlying autism.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Journal or Publication Title:||CHILD DEVELOPMENT|
|Number of Pages:||25|
|Page Range:||pp. 107-131|
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