Quantitative molecular detection of Salmonella typhimurium in soil and demonstration of persistence of an active but non-culturable population
UNSPECIFIED. (1998) Quantitative molecular detection of Salmonella typhimurium in soil and demonstration of persistence of an active but non-culturable population. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY, 27 (4). pp. 351-363. ISSN 0168-6496Full text not available from this repository.
Several methods were used to study survival of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 in sail. An ion exchange resin-based extraction method was used to concentrate biomass from soil, from which DNA was extracted in order to quantify a Salmonella-specific sequence by a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR). S. typhimurium LT2 was detected at a minimum density of 10(3) cells g(-1) in non-sterile soil, and the method proved to be specific for this organism in microcosm experiments. Non-sterile soil microcosms were inoculated with S. typhimurium LT2 at 10(7) cfu g(-1) dry soil and survival monitored at three matric potentials. Viable counts on XLD indicated a rapid decline in cell density over 54 days, whereas direct counts of active cells using the respiration-sensitive dye 5-cyano-2,3-ditolyl tetrazolium chloride (CTC) remained relatively constant. XLD did not underestimate culturable cells in comparison to non-selective agar. QPCR revealed that the number of salmonella targets (H-li) remained constant up to day 13. After that time, a decrease occurred, corresponding to that of the plate counts, due to an increase in resistance of the cells to lysis, as incorporation of a lysozyme step into the DNA extraction method allowed more efficient DNA extraction. This resulted in a constant QPCR signal over 54 days which correlated with direct, active cell counts. QPCR showed H-li was present at levels only slightly lower than those at day 0. There was no difference in survival between the three different moisture regimes. Direct CTC counts of S, typhimurium LT2 in the soil microcosms confirmed that intact cells were present in a metabolising state after 54 days in non-sterile soil, indicating a significant proportion of uncultured but active cells. (C) 1998 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Official Date:||December 1998|
|Number of Pages:||13|
|Page Range:||pp. 351-363|
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