Does the choice of university matter? A study of the differences across UK universities in life sciences students' degree performance
Bratti, Massimiliano (2001) Does the choice of university matter? A study of the differences across UK universities in life sciences students' degree performance. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick, Department of Economics. (Warwick economic research papers).
WRAP_Bratti_twerp584.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/resear...
This paper investigates differences across UK universities in 1993 life sciences students’ degree performance using individual-level data from the Universities’ Statistical Record (USR). Differences across universities are analysed by specifying and estimating a subject-specific educational production function. Even after including a wide range of controls for the quality of students, significant differences emerge across universities in students’ degree performance. We apply a two-stage estimation procedure and find evidence that a large part of ‘university effects’ cannot be explained by the kind of institutional inputs commonly used in the literature on school quality. Finally, we compare the unadjusted ranking of universities based on the proportion of ‘good’ (first and upper second class honours) degrees awarded with that based on the estimated probability of a ‘good’ degree obtained from the microeconometric model and find significant differences between the two indicators of universities’ performance.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Economics|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Universities' Statistical Record (Great Britain) , Life sciences -- Study and teaching (Higher) -- Great Britain, Input-output analysis, Education, Higher -- Economic aspects, Value added|
|Series Name:||Warwick economic research papers|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick, Department of Economics|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Date:||27 February 2001|
|Number of Pages:||41|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|References:|| Altonji, J.G. (1991), ‘The Demand for and Return to Education When Education Outcomes Are Uncertain’, Journal of Labor Economics, 11, 48-83.  Barnow, B.S., Cain, G.G. & Goldberger, A. (1981), ‘Selection on Observables’, Evaluation Studies Review Annual, 5, 43-59.  Bee, M. & Dolton, P. (1985), ‘Degree Class and Pass Rates: An Inter-university Comparison’, Higher Education Review, 17, 45-52.  Belsey, D., Kuh, E. & Welsch, R. (1980), Regression Diagnostics: Identifying Influential Data and Sources of Collinearity, Wiley and Sons, New York.  Berger, M.C. (1988), ‘Predicted Future Earnings and Choice of College Major’, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 41, 417-429.  Betts, J.R. (1996), ‘Is There a Link between School Inputs and Earnings? Fresh Scrutiny of an Old Literature’, in G. Burtless (ed.), Does Money Matter? The Effect of School Resources on Student Achievement and Adult Success, The Brookings Institution, Washington DC.  Blundell, R., Dearden, L., Goodman, A. & Reed, H. (1997), Higher Education, Employment and Earnings in Britain, The Institute for Fiscal Studies, London.  Bowles, S. (1971), ‘Towards an Educational Production Function’, in W. Lee Hansen (ed.), Education, Income and Human Capital, NBER, Chicago, 11-61.  Chapman, K. (1996), ‘Entry Qualifications, Degree Results and Value-added in UK Universities’, Oxford Review of Education, 22, 251-264.  Clarke, S. (1988), ‘Another Look at the Degree Results of Men and Women’, Studies in Higher Education, 13, 315-331.  Collier, P. & Mayer, C. (1986), ‘An Investigation of University Selection Procedures’, Economic Journal, 96, 163-170.  Dale, S.B. & Krueger, A.B. (1999), ‘Estimating the Payoff to Attending a More Selective College: An Application of Selection of Observables and Unobservables’, NBER Working Paper n.7322.  Dearden, L., Ferri, J. & Meghir, C. (1997), ‘The Effect of School Quality on Educational Attainment and Wages’, Working Paper n. w98/3, The Institute for Fiscal Studies, London.  Dolton, P. & Makepeace, G.H. (1990), ‘The Earnings of Economic Graduates’, Economic Journal, 107, 710-726.  Greene, W.H. (1997), Econometric Analysis, Prentice-Hall, New Jersey.  Hanushek, E.A. (1974), ‘Efficient Estimators for Regressing Regression Coefficients’, The American Statistician, 28, 66-67.  Hanushek, E.A. (1979), ‘Conceptual and Empirical Issues in the Estimation of Educational Production Functions’, Journal of Human Resources, 15, 351-388.  Hanushek, E.A., Kain, J.F. & Rivkin, S.G. (1999), ‘Do higher salaries buy better teachers?’, NBER Working Paper n.7082.  Hoskins, S.L., Newstead, S.E. & Dennis, I. (1997), ‘Degree Performance as a Function of Age, Gender, Prior Qualifications and Discipline Studied’, Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 22, 317-328.  HEFCE (1999), Performance Indicators in Higher Education. First Report of the Performance Indicators Steering Group (PISG).  Jarrat Report (1985), Report of the Steering Committee for Efficiency Studies in Universities, London, Committee of Vice-Chancellors and Principals.  Johnes, J. & Taylor, J. (1990), Performance Indicators in Higher Education, The Society for Research into Higher Education (SRHE) and Open University Press, Buckingham.  Levin, B. (1993), ‘Students and Educational Productivity’, Education Policy Analysis Archives, vol.1, n.5.  Maddala, G.S. (1983), Limited Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.  McGukin, R. & Winkler, D.R. (1979), ‘University Resources in the Production of Education’, Review of Economics and Statistics, 64, 242-248.  McNabb, R., Pal, S. & Sloane, P. (1998), ‘Gender Differences in Student Attainment: The Case of University Students in the UK’, Cardiff Business School Discussion Papers in Economics n.98-091.  Monk, D. (1990), Educational Finance: An Economic Approach, McGraw-Hill, New York.  Monk, J. (2000), ‘The Returns to Individual and College Characteristics. Evidence from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth’, Economics of Education Review, 19, 279-289.  Montmarquette, C., Cannings, K. & Mahseredjian, S., (1997), ‘How Do Young People Choice College Majors?’, Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche en Analyse des Organisations Scientific Series n.97s-38.  Murnane, R.J., Singer, J.D., Willet, J.B., Kemple, J.J. & Olsen, R.J. (1991), Who Will Teach? Policies that Matter, Harvard University Press, Cambridge.  Nevin, E. (1972),‘How Not To Get a First’, Economic Journal, 82, 658-673.  O’Donoghue, C., Thomas, S., Goldstein, H. & Knight, T. (1996), ‘1996 DfEE Study of Value Added for 16-18 Year Olds in England’, Department for Education and Employment Research Studies n. 83.  Pissarides, C.A. (1982), ‘From School to University: The Demand for Post-Compulsory Education in Britain’, Economic Journal, 92, 654-667.  Robertson, D. & Symons, J. (1996), ‘Do Peer Groups Matter? Peer Group versus Schooling Effects on Academic Attainment, Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper, 311, London School of Economics.  Shanan, M., Findlay, C., Cowie, J., Round, D., McIver, R. & Barrett S. (1997), ‘Beyond the ‘Input-Output’ Approach to Assessing Determinants of Student Performance in University Economics: Implications from Student Learning Centred Research’, Australian Economic Papers, special issue, 17-37.  Silver, H., Stennett, A. & Williams, R. (1995), The External Examiner System: Possible Futures, Higher Education Quality Council, London.  Smith, J., McKnight, A. & Naylor R. (2000), ‘Graduate Employability: Policy and Performance in Higher Education in the UK’, Economic Journal, 110, F383-F411.  Smith, J. & Naylor, R. (2000), ‘Determinants of Degree Performance in UK Universities: A Statistical Analysis of the 1993 student cohort’, forthcoming on Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics.  Smith, J. & Naylor, R.A. (2001), ‘Dropping Out of University: A Statistical Analysis of the Probability of Withdrawal for UK University students’, forthcoming on Journal of the Royal Statistical Society.  Suits, D.B. (1994), “Dummy Variables: Mechanics v. Interpretation”, Review of Economics and Statistics, 65, 177-180.|
Actions (login required)