The genomic sequence of defective interfering Semliki Forest virus (SFV) determines its ability to be replicated in mouse brain and to protect against a lethal SFV infection in vivo
UNSPECIFIED. (1998) The genomic sequence of defective interfering Semliki Forest virus (SFV) determines its ability to be replicated in mouse brain and to protect against a lethal SFV infection in vivo. VIROLOGY, 241 (2). pp. 215-223. ISSN 0042-6822Full text not available from this repository.
We have recently cloned and sequenced two genomes of defective interfering (DI) Semliki Forest virus (SFV), DI-6 (2146 nt), and DI-19 (1244 nt). These are similar in that both contain two large central deletions (encompassing the 5' part of the nsP1 gene and the 3' part of the nsP2 gene and all of the structural genes), and all the sequence of the latter is represented in the genome of SFV DI-6. RNA was transcribed from both and transfected into SN-infected BHK-21 cells. RT-PCR analysis of tissue culture fluid harvested 18 h after transfection suggested that SFV DI virions had been rescued from the cloned genomes. Unlike the genomes of noncloned DI SN, these genomes bred true for at least 7 serial passages. Cloned DI-6 and DI-19 Viruses interfered to a similar extent with the multiplication of SFV in cultured cells, but only DI-19 protected mice from a lethal intranasal dose of SFV. Further investigation by RT-PCR analysis showed that DI-19 but not DI-6 genomes were replicated in mouse brain after direct intracerebral injection of DI virus together with an excess of infectious helper SN. Thus the replication and hence antiviral activity of two closely related DI SN genomes appears to be exquisitely sequence specific and cell specific. These findings mark a significant step on the way to using DI genomes as antivirals and also may explain why so few animal-protecting DI viruses have been identified. (C) 1998 Academic Press.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||VIROLOGY|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS INC|
|Official Date:||15 February 1998|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 215-223|
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