Proper name retrieval in old age: Converging evidence against disproportionate impairment
UNSPECIFIED. (1997) Proper name retrieval in old age: Converging evidence against disproportionate impairment. AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION, 4 (3). pp. 211-226. ISSN 1382-5585Full text not available from this repository.
In this article, the task of separating specific from general effects of normal aging on cognition is illustrated by considering the retrieval of proper names as a possible case of exceptional or disproportionate age-related impairment. First, existing evidence both for and against disproportionate impairment is reviewed from several sources, including self-rated questionnaires, diary and laboratory studies of memory failures, and the speeded naming of objects versus people. Some new regression analyses of naming responses are then presented; they demonstrate that the effect of age on proper name retrieval can be removed by taking into account the effect of age on other processes not involving proper name retrieval. Finally, data from face and voice identification tasks are analyzed in terms of conditional probabilities which reveal that the effect of age on the final stage of name retrieval is no greater than the effect of age on the earlier stages of recognition and semantic information retrieval. The findings from these different methods converge on the conclusion that proper name retrieval is not disproportionately impaired by normal aging. Some possible explanations for older people's persistent complaints of poor memory for names are discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||AGING NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITION|
|Publisher:||SWETS ZEITLINGER PUBLISHERS|
|Number of Pages:||16|
|Page Range:||pp. 211-226|
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