Soft cobalt(III) centres: electronic levelling in [CoX3(AH(3))(2)] (X = Cl, Br or I; A = P, As or Sb)
UNSPECIFIED (1997) Soft cobalt(III) centres: electronic levelling in [CoX3(AH(3))(2)] (X = Cl, Br or I; A = P, As or Sb). JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS (22). pp. 4203-4207. ISSN 0300-9246Full text not available from this repository.
The geometric and electronic structures of the trigonal-bipyramidal cobalt(III) complexes of general formula [CoX3(AH(3))(2)] (X = Cl, Br or I; A = P, As or Sb) have been computed using density functional theory (DFT). The performance of the local density approximation (LDA) and three different gradient-corrected functionals has been evaluated by comparing the computed structure of [CoI3(PH3)(2)] with that observed for the PPh3 analogue. This molecule, plus [CoI3(AsH3)(2)] and [CoCl3(SbH3)(2)], the last two being compared with the observed PMe3 systems, were used to test the performance of different basis sets. The LDA gives too short bond lengths. However, computed structures using gradient-corrected DFT are in good agreement with experiment. The Co-P and Co-Sb bond lengths are systematically underestimated but full calculations for the trimethyl derivatives indicate this is due to the use of a model AH, moiety. The calculations show all the complexes to be paramagnetic spin triplets and reveal a remarkable electronic levelling such that the frontier molecular orbital energies are virtually independent of X or A. Estimates of the Go-A bond energies are also very similar for all nine molecules spanning the narrow range 191-217 kJ mol(-1). These data indicate comparable stabilities across the entire series. The unique features of these molecules result in a 'soft' metal centre despite its formal +3 charge. The balance between five-and six-co-ordination is discussed using calculations on the fac and mer isomers of the hypothetical [CoI3(PH3)(3)] complex.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF THE CHEMICAL SOCIETY-DALTON TRANSACTIONS|
|Publisher:||ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY|
|Date:||21 November 1997|
|Number of Pages:||5|
|Page Range:||pp. 4203-4207|
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