Diabetes interactive diary: a new telemedicine system enabling flexible diet and insulin therapy while improving quality of life: an open-label, international, multicenter, randomized study
Rossi, Maria C. E., Nicolucci, Antonio, Di Bartolo, Paolo, Bruttomesso, Daniela, Girelli, Angela, Ampudia, Francisco J., Kerr, David, Ceriello, Antonio, De La Questa Mayor, Carmen, Pellegrini, Fabio, Horwitz, David and Vespasiani, Giacomo. (2010) Diabetes interactive diary: a new telemedicine system enabling flexible diet and insulin therapy while improving quality of life: an open-label, international, multicenter, randomized study. Diabetes Care, Vol.33 (No.1). pp. 109-115. ISSN 0149-5992Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2337/dc09-1327
OBJECTIVE - Widespread use of carbohydrate counting is limited by its complex education. In this stud), we compared a Diabetes Interactive Diary (DID) with standard carbohydrate counting in terms of metabolic and Weight control, Lime required for education, quality of life, and treatment satisfaction.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Adults with type 1 diabetes were randomly assigned to DID (group A, n = 67) or standard education (group 13, n = 63) and followed for 6 months. A subgroup also completed the SF-36 Health Survey (SF-36) and World Health Organization-Diabetes Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire (WHO-DTSQ) at each visit.
RESULTS - Of 130 patients (aged 35.7 +/- 9.4 years diabetes duration 16.5 +/- 10.5 years), 11 dropped out. Time for education was 6 h (range 2-15 h) in group A and 12 h (2.5-25 h) in group B (P = 0.07). A1C reduction was similar in both groups (group A from 8.2 +/- 0.8 to 7.8 +/- 0.8% and group B from 8.4 +/- 0.7 to 7.9 +/- 1.1%; P = 0.68). Nonsignificant differences in favor of group A were documented for fasting blood glucose and body weight. No severe hypoglycemic episode occurred. WHO-DTSQ scores increased significantly more in group A (from 26.7 +/- 4.4 to 30.3 +/- 4.5) than in group B (from 27.5 +/- 4.8 to 28.6 +/- 5.1) (P = 0.04). Role Physical, General Health, Vitality, and Role Emotional SF-36 scores improved significantly more in group A than in group B.
CONCLUSIONS - DID is at least as effective as traditional carbohydrate counting education, allowing dietary freedom for a larger proportion of type 1 diabetic patients. DID is safe, requires less time for education, and is associated with lower weight gain. DID significantly improved treatment satisfaction and several quality-of-life dimensions.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RC Internal medicine|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Diabetes Care|
|Publisher:||American Diabetes Association|
|Official Date:||January 2010|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 109-115|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Me.Te.Da., Lifescan, Milpitas, CA|
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