Heterosis in early seed development: a comparative study of F1 embryo and endosperm tissues 6 days after fertilization
Jahnke, Stephanie, Sarholz, Barbara, Thiemann, Alexander, Kuhr, Vera, Gutierrez-Marcos, José F., Geiger, Hartwig H., Piepho, Hans-Peter and Scholten, Stefan. (2010) Heterosis in early seed development: a comparative study of F1 embryo and endosperm tissues 6 days after fertilization. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Vol.120 (No.2). pp. 389-400. ISSN 0040-5752Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00122-009-1207-y
Heterosis specifies the superior performance of heterozygous individuals and although used in plant breeding the underlying molecular mechanisms still remain largely elusive. In this study, we demonstrate the manifestation of heterosis in hybrid maize embryo and endosperm tissue 6 days after fertilization in crosses of several inbred lines. We provide a comparative analysis of heterosis-associated gene expression in these tissues by a combined approach of suppression subtractive hybridization and microarray hybridizations. Non-additive expression pattern indicated a trans-regulatory mechanism to act early after fertilization in hybrid embryo and endosperm although the majority of genes showed mid-parental expression levels in embryo and dosage dependent expression levels in endosperm. The consistent expression pattern within both tissues and both inbred line genotype combinations of genes coding for chromatin related proteins pointed to heterosis-related epigenetic processes. These and genes involved in other biological processes, identified in this study, might provide entry points for the investigation of regulatory networks associated with the specification of heterosis.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Life Sciences (2010- )|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Theoretical and Applied Genetics|
|Number of Pages:||12|
|Page Range:||pp. 389-400|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Eiselen-Foundation (Ulm)|
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