Carnitine, mitochondrial function and therapy
Zammit, Victor A., Ramsay, Rona R., Bonomini, Mario and Arduini, Arduino (2009) Carnitine, mitochondrial function and therapy. Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Vol.61 (No.14 Sp. Iss. SI). pp. 1353-1362. ISSN 0169-409XFull text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2009.04.024
Carnitine is important for cell function and survival primarily because of its involvement in the multiple equilibria between acylcarnitine and acyl-CoA esters established through the enzymatic activities of the family of carnitine acyltransferases. These have different acyl chain-length specificities and intracellular compartment distributions, and act in synchrony to regulate multiple aspects of metabolism, ranging from fuel-selection and -sensing, to the modulation of the signal transduction mechanisms involved in many homeostatic systems. This review aims to rationalise the extensive range of experimental and clinical data that have been obtained through the pharmacological use of L-carnitine and its short-chain acylesters, over the past two decades, in terms of the basic biochemical mechanisms involved in the effects of carnitine on the various cellular acyl-CoA pools in health and disease. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Item Type:||Journal Item|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews|
|Official Date:||30 November 2009|
|Number:||No.14 Sp. Iss. SI|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 1353-1362|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
|Funder:||British Heart Foundation and Diabetes UK|
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