Using XML and XSLT for flexible elicitation of mental-health risk knowledge
Buckingham, C.D., Ahmed, A. and Adams, Ann. (2007) Using XML and XSLT for flexible elicitation of mental-health risk knowledge. Informatics for Health and Social Care, Vol.32 (No.1). pp. 65-81. ISSN 1753-8157
WRAP_Adams_xml_medinfo_2.pdf - Accepted Version
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14639230601097895
Current tools for assessing risks associated with mental-health problems require assessors to make high-level judgements based on clinical experience. This paper describes how new technologies can enhance qualitative research methods to identify lower-level cues underlying these judgements, which can be collected by people without a specialist mental-health background.
Methods and evolving results: Content analysis of interviews with 46 multidisciplinary mental-health experts exposed the cues and their interrelationships, which were represented by a mind map using software that stores maps as XML. All 46 mind maps were integrated into a single XML knowledge structure and analysed by a Lisp program to generate quantitative information about the numbers of experts associated with each part of it. The knowledge was refined by the experts, using software developed in Flash to record their collective views within the XML itself. These views specified how the XML should be transformed by XSLT, a technology for rendering XML, which resulted in a validated hierarchical knowledge structure associating patient cues with risks.
Conclusions: Changing knowledge elicitation requirements were accommodated by flexible transformations of XML data using XSLT, which also facilitated generation of multiple data-gathering tools suiting different assessment circumstances and levels of mental-health knowledge.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
|Divisions:||Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Faculty of Medicine > Warwick Medical School
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||XML (Document markup language), XSLT (Computer program language), Knowledge management, Mental health services|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Informatics for Health and Social Care|
|Publisher:||Taylor & Francis|
|Official Date:||March 2007|
|Page Range:||pp. 65-81|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
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