Charge transfer effects, thermo and photochromism in single crystal CVD synthetic diamond
Khan, R. U. A., Martineau, P. M., Cann, B. L., Newton, M. E. and Twitchen, D. J.. (2009) Charge transfer effects, thermo and photochromism in single crystal CVD synthetic diamond. Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter, Vol.21 (No.36). Article: 364214. ISSN 0953-8984Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0953-8984/21/36/364214
We report on the effects of thermal treatment and ultraviolet irradiation on the point defect concentrations and optical absorption profiles of single crystal CVD synthetic diamond. All thermal treatments were below 850 K, which is lower than the growth temperature and unlikely to result in any structural change. UV-visible absorption spectroscopy measurements showed that upon thermal treatment (823 K), various broad absorption features diminished: an absorption band at 270 nm (used to deduce neutral single substitutional nitrogen (N-S(0)) concentrations) and also two broad features centred at approximately 360 and 520 nm. Point defect centre concentrations as a function of temperature were also deduced using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. Above similar to 500 K, we observed a decrease in the concentration of N-S(0) centres and a concomitant increase in the negatively charged nitrogen-vacancy-hydrogen (NVH) complex (NVH-) concentration. Both transitions exhibited an activation energy between 0.6 and 1.2 eV, which is lower than that for the N-S(0) donor (similar to 1.7 eV). Finally, it was found that illuminating samples with intense short-wave ultraviolet light recovered the N-S(0) concentration and also the 270, 360 and 520 nm absorption features. From these results, we postulate a valence band mediated charge transfer process between NVH and single nitrogen centres with an acceptor trap depth for NVH of 0.6-1.2 eV. Because the loss of N-S(0) concentration is greater than the increase in NVH- concentration we also suggest the presence of another unknown acceptor existing at a similar energy to NVH. The extent to which the colour in CVD synthetic diamond is dependent on prior history is discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QC Physics|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Science > Physics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter|
|Date:||9 September 2009|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||Article: 364214|
|Access rights to Published version:||Restricted or Subscription Access|
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