Inference for non-random samples
UNSPECIFIED (1997) Inference for non-random samples. JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES B-METHODOLOGICAL, 59 (1). pp. 55-77. ISSN 0035-9246Full text not available from this repository.
Observational data are often analysed as if they had resulted from a controlled study, and yet the tacit assumption of randomness can be crucial for the validity of inference. We take some simple statistical models and supplement them by adding a parameter theta which reflects the degree of non-randomness in the sample. For a randomized study theta is known to be 0. We examine the profile log-likelihood for theta and the sensitivity of inference to small nonzero values of theta. Particular models cover the analysis of survey data with item nonresponse, the paired comparison t-test and two group comparisons using observational data with covariates. Some practical examples are discussed. Allowing for sampling bias increases the uncertainty of estimation and weakens the significance of treatment effects, sometimes substantially so.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QA Mathematics|
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF THE ROYAL STATISTICAL SOCIETY SERIES B-METHODOLOGICAL|
|Publisher:||BLACKWELL PUBL LTD|
|Number of Pages:||23|
|Page Range:||pp. 55-77|
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