Identification of mutations contributing to the reduced virulence of a modified strain of respiratory syncytial virus
UNSPECIFIED. (1996) Identification of mutations contributing to the reduced virulence of a modified strain of respiratory syncytial virus. VACCINE, 14 (17-18). pp. 1637-1646. ISSN 0264-410XFull text not available from this repository.
The nucleotide sequences of the genome of the RSS-2 wild type strain of respiratory syncytial (RS) virus, which is known to induce upper respiratory tract infection in adults, and that of the attenuated ts1C candidate vaccine derived from if by three cycles of mutagenesis and selection of temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants, have been determined. Comparison of the sequences has located the genetic changes which contribute to the reduced pathogenicity in adults of the candidate vaccine. Thirty-seven nucleotide changes distinguish the wild type and ts1C, 13 of which confer amino acid substitutions; no mutations are present in extragenic regions. Partial nucleotide sequencing of the genomes of the first stage ts mutant (ts1A) and the second stage ts mutant (ts1B), which were intermediates in the derivation of the third stage mutant ts1C, established that five mutations resulting in amino acid substitutions had been induced in the first cycle of mutagenesis, one in the second cycle, and seven in the third cycle. The unique mutation differentiating ts1B from ts1A substitutes an alanine for a threonine at residue 736 in the polymerase (L) protein. The occurrence of a mutation in ts1C inducing substitution of a phenylalanine for a serine residue at an adjacent site (731) suggests that mutations in this region of the polymerase can have significant attenuating effects. The data suggest also that a mutation in the F gene may contribute to the attenuated phenotype. Copyright (C) 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
|Journal or Publication Title:||VACCINE|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Official Date:||December 1996|
|Number of Pages:||10|
|Page Range:||pp. 1637-1646|
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