When should a female avoid adding eggs to the clutch of another female? A simultaneous oviposition and sex allocation game
UNSPECIFIED. (1996) When should a female avoid adding eggs to the clutch of another female? A simultaneous oviposition and sex allocation game. EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY, 10 (5). pp. 475-497. ISSN 0269-7653Full text not available from this repository.
Avoidance of double oviposition (ADO) is the strategy not to oviposit on food patches where another female has oviposited before. If two females oviposit on the same patch, competitive and mating interactions within and between broods may lead to both a clutch size game and a sex allocation game between the two visitors. Though the two games interact, they are usually considered separately, Here, the ESS conditions for ADO are investigated in an analysis that combines the two games into one. The analysis strengthens the notion that it is really ADO that needs to be explained, because role-dependent net pay-off from an additional egg is most likely to favour double oviposition (DO). To a first female, the net pay off includes the effect on the eggs already present, whereas to a second female only the egg's gross pay-off matters, ADO is the evolutionary stable strategy (ESS) if there are enough patches still without eggs and either (1) the fitness of an additional egg is so low that the first female would not lay it even in the absence of detrimental effects on earlier offspring, so neither would a second female, or (2) differences in either the survival probability of the offspring or their reproductive success are sufficient to counterbalance the differential interest in the eggs already present. The first condition requires that eggs are relatively large, because then the decrease in pay-off between two successive eggs can be large. The second condition may be met when there is a time interval between ovipositions of subsequent females. The resulting developmental lag of the second clutch will (1) diminish its ability to compete for food and (2) lower its reproductive success when there is local mate competition and sons are too late to mate with daughters of the first female, If sons of first and second females compete on equal terms, however, ADO is unlikely, Male migration between patches reduces the influence of sex allocation strategies on clutch size decisions; the same holds for small clutch sizes. To illustrate the importance of considering sex allocation and clutch size decisions in an integrated way, oviposition strategies of plant-inhabiting predatory mites (Acari: Phytoseiidae) are discussed.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
|Journal or Publication Title:||EVOLUTIONARY ECOLOGY|
|Publisher:||CHAPMAN HALL LTD|
|Number of Pages:||23|
|Page Range:||pp. 475-497|
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