Interaction of dibutyltin-3-hydroxyflavone bromide with the 16 kDa proteolipid indicates the disposition of proton translocation sites of the vacuolar ATPase
UNSPECIFIED. (1996) Interaction of dibutyltin-3-hydroxyflavone bromide with the 16 kDa proteolipid indicates the disposition of proton translocation sites of the vacuolar ATPase. BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL, 317 (Part 2). pp. 425-431. ISSN 0264-6021Full text not available from this repository.
The organotin complex dibutyltin-3-hydroxyflavone bromide [Bu(2)Sn(of)Br] has been shown to bind to the 16 kDa proteolipid of Nephrops norvegicus, either in the form of the native protein or after heterologous expression in Saccharomyces and assembly into a hybrid vacuolar H+-ATPase. Titration of Bu(2)Sn(of)Br against the 16 kDa proteolipid results in a marked fluorescence enhancement, consistent with binding to a single affinity site on the protein. Vacuolar ATPase-dependent ATP hydrolysis was also inhibited by Bu(2)Sn(of)Br, with the inhibition constant correlating well with dissociation constants determined for binding of Bu(2)Sn(of)Br complex to the proteolipid. The fluorescence enhancement produced by interaction of probe with proteolipid can be back-titrated by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD), which covalently modifies Glu(140) On helix-4 of the polypeptide. Expression of a mutant proteolipid in which Glu(140) was changed to a glycine resulted in assembly of a vacuolar ATPase which was inactive in proton pumping and which had reduced ATPase activity. Go-expression studies with this mutant and wild-type proteolipids suggest that proton pumping can only occur in a vacuolar ATPase containing exclusively wildtype proteolipid. The fluorescent enhancement or affinity of Bu,Sn(of)Br for the mutant proteolipid was not significantly altered, with the organotin complex having no effect on residual ATPase activity. Interaction of the probe with mutant proteolipid was unaffected by DCCD. These data suggest an overlap in the binding sites for organotin and DCCD, and have implications for the organization and structure of proton-translocating pathways in the vacuolar H+-ATPase.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry|
|Journal or Publication Title:||BIOCHEMICAL JOURNAL|
|Date:||15 July 1996|
|Number of Pages:||7|
|Page Range:||pp. 425-431|
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