Trickle down effects of inter state migration in a period of high growth in the Indian economy
Jha, Veena, 1959- (2008) Trickle down effects of inter state migration in a period of high growth in the Indian economy. Working Paper. University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation, Coventry.
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India has seen many high-growth spells between 1980-2007. At the same time, there is a great deal of concern that these high rates of growth are not trickling down to the poor, or at least not rapidly enough. Some states in India are growing much more rapidly than others exacerbating inequalities. During the relatively lower growth period between 1960-1980, most states grew slowly around the average All India figure, but after 1980 some states grew much more rapidly than others. States like Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Gujarat grew at rates much higher than the national average, while the more populous states such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh fell well below the national average. They continued to grow at the same rates as during the period 1960-1980. The difference in the rates of growth meant that opportunities for employment arose in the higher growth states and inter-state migration therefore increased significantly (by nearly 55%) from the lower growth states to the higher growth states. Potentially, inter-state migration could be an important agent of trickling down the benefits of growth from high to low growth states. This paper explores some relationships between variables that directly and indirectly contribute to trickle down at the macro level. Using growth data from the Indian Census on migration as well as other secondary sources of informal asset building this paper examines the effects of outmigration on asset building and remittances into states of origin. It also examines the effects of outmigration on the convergence of inequality between states. Further through case studies based on interviews with migrants across the major destination states, the chapter analyses the major variables which determine asset growth in the states of origin as well as consumption in the destination states. It looks at the role of variables such as education and gender in determining the effects of outmigration. At the same time, migration is leading to a number of problems such as overcrowding, stretched urban infrastructure, poor health and conditions of living. The paper tries to outline some solutions to these problems.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Migration, Internal -- India, Economic development -- India, Local revenue -- India, Population -- Economic aspects, India -- Economic conditions -- 20th century|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||34|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|References:||Improved Livelihoods In Improved Watersheds: Can Migration Be Mitigated? Priya Deshingkar www.odi.org.uk/plag/resources/books/05_priya_migration_mitigation.pdf - Regional Economic Growth and Convergence in India - Paul Cashin and Ratna Sahay (1996) www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1996/03/pdf/cashin.pdf Identities in Motion; Migration and Health In India - Chandrima B. Chatterji (Oct 2006) www.cehat.org/humanrights/chandrima.pdf An overview of migration in India, its impacts and key issues - Ravi Srivastava - Jawaharlal Nehru University, S.K. Sasikumar V. V. Giri National Labour Institute www.livelihoods.org/hot_topics/docs/Dhaka_CP_2.pdf This paper is one of twelve prepared for and presented at the Regional Conference on Migration, Development and Pro-Poor Policy Choices in Asia. (2003) Internal Migration, Poverty and Development in Asia - Priya Deshingkar www.asia2015conference.org/pdfs/Deshingkar.pdf (2006) The Role of Migration and Remittances in Promoting Livelihoods in Bihar - Priya Deshingkar, Sushil Kumar, Harendra Kumar Chobey and Dhananjay Kumar www.odi.org.uk/plag/resources/reports/0612_migration_bihar_report.pdf (2006) Mind the Gap—Is Economic Growth in India Leaving Some States Behind? - Catriona Purfield www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp06103.pdf (2006) Seasonal Migration for Livelihoods in India: Coping, Accumulation and Exclusion - Priya Deshingkar and Daniel Start www.odi.org.uk/publications/working_papers/wp220.pdf (2003) REMITTANCES AND SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS IN SEMI-ARID AREAS - Chandan K. Samal www.unescap.org/pdd/publications/apdj_13_2/samal.pdf (2006) Appeared in the Asia Pacific Journal VOLUNTARY INTERNAL MIGRATION AN UPDATE- PRIYA DESHINGKAR and SVEN GRIMM www.odi.org.uk/plag/resources/reports/0509_voluntary_internal_migration_update.pdf (2004) Paper commissioned jointly by the Urban and Rural Change Team and the Migration Team within the Policy Division of the British government's Department for International Development.|
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