On the origins of border effects: insights from the Habsburg Customs Union
Schulze, Max-Stephan and Wolf, Nikolaus (2007) On the origins of border effects: insights from the Habsburg Customs Union. Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation) (No.231).
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This paper examines the emergence and dynamics of border effects over time. We exploit the unique historical setting of the multi-national Habsburg Empire prior to the Great War to explore the hypothesis that border effects emerged as a result of persistent trade effects of ethno-linguistic networks within an overall integrating economy. While markets tended to integrate, the process was strongly asymmetric and shaped by a simultaneous rise in national consciousness and organisation among Austria-Hungary’s different ‘nationalities’. We find that the political borders which separated the empire’s successor states after the First World War became visible in the price dynamics of grain markets already 25-30 years before the First World War. This effect of a ‘border before a border’ cannot be explained by factors such as physical geography, changes in infrastructure or patterns of asymmetric integration with neighbouring regions outside of the Habsburg customs and monetary union. However, controlling for the changing ethno-linguistic composition of the population across the regional capital cities of the empire does explain most of the estimated border effects.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||D History General and Old World > DB Austria|
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Border security, Customs unions -- Austria, Austria -- History -- 1273-1519, Austria -- History -- 1519-1740, Austria -- Economic conditions -- To 1918|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Official Date:||June 2007|
|Number of Pages:||30|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Funder:||Leverhulme Trust (LT), British Academy (BA)|
Anderson, J. and E. van Wincoop (2003), ‘Gravity with Gravitas: A Solution to the Border Puzzle’,
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