In situ Si-29 MAS NMR studies of structural phase transitions of tridymite
UNSPECIFIED (1996) In situ Si-29 MAS NMR studies of structural phase transitions of tridymite. AMERICAN MINERALOGIST, 81 (5-6). pp. 550-560. ISSN 0003-004XFull text not available from this repository.
The structural phase transitions of monoclinic tridymite that occur at elevated temperatures, as well as the structure of the high-temperature modifications, have been studied by Si-29 MAS NMR. The sample, originating from the surface of a refractory silica brick, displays sharp discontinuities in the first moment (M(1)), second moment (M(2)), or both, of the Si-29 MAS NMR spectrum at the following phase transitions: 108 +/- 1 degrees C for the monoclinic (MC) to orthorhombic (OF) transition, 165 +/- 5 degrees C for the transition from OP to a second orthorhombic phase (OS), and 206 +/- 4 degrees C for the transition from OS to a third orthorhombic phase (OC). M(1)7 for the OC phase becomes more negative with increasing temperature up to similar to 323 degrees C, at which there is also a small discontinuity in M(2), indicating a transition from OC to a hexagonal phase (LHP). The spectrum of the MC phase consists of 12 narrow lines of equal area, consistent with the known crystal structure. The spectrum of the OP phase is broad and asymmetric, indicating a distribution of local environments at the Si sites. It can be simulated assuming an incommensurate structural modulation with a maximum amplitude of similar to 5 x 10(-2) Angstrom, but it is also consistent with a recent domain-formation model, provided that most disorder occurs at the Si6 site. The spectrum of the OS phase is asymmetric, indicating a nonlinear incommensurate modulation with a maximum amplitude of similar to 2 x 10(-2) Angstrom. The spectra of higher temperature phases are consistent with the single Si site of the known crystal structures, but M, values imply significantly smaller mean Si-O-Si angles [alpha], e.g., [alpha] = 152.6 degrees at 220 degrees C from NMR, compared with 168.0 degrees from X-ray diffraction data. This difference is consistent with disorder of O atoms around Si-Si axes.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QE Geology|
|Journal or Publication Title:||AMERICAN MINERALOGIST|
|Publisher:||MINERALOGICAL SOC AMER|
|Number of Pages:||11|
|Page Range:||pp. 550-560|
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