Various isoforms of myomodulin identified from the male copulatory organ of Lymnaea show overlapping yet distinct modulatory effects on the penis muscle
UNSPECIFIED (1996) Various isoforms of myomodulin identified from the male copulatory organ of Lymnaea show overlapping yet distinct modulatory effects on the penis muscle. JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY, 66 (1). pp. 321-329. ISSN 0022-3042Full text not available from this repository.
Male copulatory behavior in the snail Lymnaea stagnalis is controlled by several types of peptidergic neurons, including a cluster of neurons in the ventral lobe of the right cerebral ganglion that show immunoreactivity to myomodulin-A of Aplysia and innervate the penis complex. We identified structurally myomodulin-A and three related peptides from Lymnaea and showed that they are present in a characteristic ratio in both the penis nerve and penis complex, suggesting that they are processed from a single precursor and transported from the ventral lobe to the penis complex, All four peptides decreased the relaxation time of electrically evoked contractions of the penis retractor muscle, However, their effects on the amplitude of contraction were different, ranging from no effect to an increase or a decrease in the amplitude. A mixture of the peptides in a ratio as determined by direct mass spectrometry of the penis nerve decreased the contraction time, the relaxation time, and the amplitude. These effects resemble those of one particular peptide in the mixture, The direct mass spectrometry determinations of the peptide profile in the penis nerve suggest that many more, as yet unidentified, neuropeptides are involved in modulation of muscle activities of the penis complex.
|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QD Chemistry
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
|Journal or Publication Title:||JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY|
|Number of Pages:||9|
|Page Range:||pp. 321-329|
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