'We are heartbroken and furious!' Engaging with violence in the (anti-)globalisation movement(s)
Sullivan, Sian (2004) 'We are heartbroken and furious!' Engaging with violence in the (anti-)globalisation movement(s). Working Paper. Coventry: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. (Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)).
WRAP_Sullivan_wp12303.pdf - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Official URL: http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/csgr/research/wo...
This piece is intended as an exploratory comment on the militancy emerging in (anti-)globalisation political practice and in the policing of such practice, rather than as a definitive analysis. As someone who attempts to pursue a tradition of the ‘organic intellectual’ – engaging in the practice of activism as well as the theorising of activist practice – the paper has emerged from my own process of sense-making regarding violence in the ‘(anti-)globalisation movement(s)’. It flows from experience of irruptive situations, my perceptions of the contextual causes of violence in these situations, and my thinking around the subversive and transformative potential, or otherwise, of violence in engendering radical post-capitalist social relations. I take as a starting point the recent protests against the EU summit meeting in Thessaloniki, June 2003, which culminated in substantial violence against property and towards police by antiauthoritarian protesters, and was met by the police with violent attack and the brutalisation of those arrested. I do not assume a moral standpoint regarding the value or otherwise of violence to ‘the movements’. Instead I try to consider why violence is increasing as a bio-political tactic in these contexts, ‘upfronting’ both the normalisation of psychological and physical violence in the everyday circumstances of late-capitalism, and the depression and anger this engenders. In the interests of strategic debate regarding the usefulness of violence in potentiating post-capitalist social relations, however, I attempt to disentangle the relative (f)utility of acting out, acting upon and denying the experience of anger. My personal stance is to celebrate the transformative potential and energy of the correct attribution of the contextual sources of anger – particularly in shifting between the microcosm of individual circumstances and the macrocosm of structural societal violence within which these arise – whilst upholding a view that violence as a simple reaction to alienating circumstances is likely to maintain rather than shift their brutalising tendencies. My conclusion is both gloomy and hopeful. On the one hand, given that violence to life is both so systemic to late capitalist modernity and that ‘we’ tend to be in such denial regarding its dehumanising psychosocietal effects, I am clear that it is likely that the incidence of violence in protest politics as elsewhere will increase in reaction to this. On the other hand, I celebrate the creative energy present in global anti-capitalist actions and practice, the emergence of a global peace movement as a political force, and the current radicalisation of people otherwise deemed by some to be politically apathetic.
|Item Type:||Working or Discussion Paper (Working Paper)|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JZ International relations
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
|Divisions:||Faculty of Social Sciences > Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH):||Anti-globalization movement, Protest movement, Political violence, Anarchism|
|Series Name:||Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation)|
|Publisher:||University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation|
|Place of Publication:||Coventry|
|Number of Pages:||58|
|Status:||Not Peer Reviewed|
|Access rights to Published version:||Open Access|
|Adapted As:||Sullivan, S. (2004). 'We are heartbroken and furious!' Violence and the (anti-)globalisation movement(s). [Coventry] : University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation. (Working papers (University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation), no.133/04).|
|References:||A/b (2003) ‘Quick comment’, ‘Heavy repression against anti-EU summit protestors in Rome’, Online. http://indymedia.org.uk/en/2003/10/278430.html (6 October 2003). Abbey, E. (1991 (1973)) The Monkey Wrench Gang. London: Robin Clarke Ltd. ACME Collective (1999) ‘N30 Black Bloc Communique’, On-line. http://www.infoshop.org/octo/wto_blackbloc.html (8 October 2003). Action Thessaloniki (2003) ‘Declaration’, On-line. http://www.actionsalonika2003. org/EnglishPage/2002,EN,Declaration.htm (14 May 2003). Anarchist (2003) ‘When pacifists shut things down, they’ll get respect’, ‘2000 anarchists go on rampage in San Francisco’, On-line. http://indymedia.org/news/2003/01/1562024_comment.php#1567370 (21 January 2003). Anarchist Youth Network: Britain and Ireland (2003a) Whose Streets? Our Streets! An Introduction to Anarchy. London: Anarchist Youth Network: Britain and Ireland. Anarchist Youth Network: Britain and Ireland (2003b) ‘Homepage’, On-line. http://www.enrager.net/ayn/index.php (18 September 2003). Anon. (2001a) ‘The Pentagon’s people zapper’, Government Executive Magazine, 1 May 2001, Online. http://wwwgovexec.com/features/0501/0501s4s2.htm (29 September 2003). Anon. (2001b) ‘Who are the white overalls? And why are they slandered by people who call themselves “anarchists”’? On-line. http://www.nadir.org/nadir/initiativ/agp/free/genova/busload.htm (20 January 2004). Anon. (in press May 2004) ‘Anti-capitalist resistance in Genoa: a personal reflection’, Carter, J. and Morland, D. (eds.) Anti-Capitalist Britain, Gretton: New Clarion Press Antiauthoritarian Movement Salonika (2003) ‘Against the EU presidency of Greece’, On-line. Online. http://www.resistance2003.gr/en/against.php (17 June 2003). Arendt, H. (1963) On Revolution. London: Faber and Faber. ASBB (Anti-Statist Black Bloc) (2000) ‘Anarchist Black Bloc Press Release’, On-line. http://www.phillyimc.org/articles/00/08/09/166230.shtml (8 October 2003). Associated Press (2004) ‘US unlikely to privatise Iraq oil industry’, Fox News 28 January 2004, Online. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,109718,00.html, (29 January 2004). Auswärtiges-Amt (2003) ‘The Schengen Agreement and the Convention Implementing the Schengen Agreement’, http://www.auswaertigesamt. de/www/en/willkommen/einreisebestimmungen/schengen_html#1 (18 September 2003). Banksy (n.d.) On-line. http://www.banksy.co.uk/6stencil.html (12 August 2003). Barber, M. (2000) ‘City’s WTO policing tab now nearing $9 million’, Seattle Post Intelligencer, http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/cost06.shtml (6 June 2002) Barker, C. and Cox, L. (2003) ‘“What have the Romans ever done for us?” Academic and activist forms of theorising’, On-line. http://www.iol.ie/~mazzoldi/toolsforchange/afpp/afpp8.html (20 January 2004). Barnett, A. (2003) ‘UK tanks roll on Indonesian rebels’, The Observer, 13 July 2003. Baron, D. (2003) Another Humanity is Possible: Towards a Performative Pedagogy of Self- Determination, Seminar given in Dept. Sociology, University of Warwick, 27 February 2003. Baudrillard, J. (2003) ‘The violence of the global’ trans. by Debrix, F., Theory, Technology and Culture, 26(1-2), Article 129. On-line. http://www.ctheory.net (21 May 2003). Benham, M. and Sykes, T. (2001) ‘Shops shoulder £20m cost but the city escapes’, Evening Standard, 2 May 2001. Bergman, D. (2003) Work deaths soar as Labour dithers, The Observer, 2 February 2003. Black, I. (2003) ‘Europe Aims to Strike a Grand Bargain’, The Guardian, On-line. http://www.guardian.co.uk/eu/story/0,7369,1055622,00.html (7 October 2003). Böhm, S.G. (2002) ‘Movements of Theory and Practice’, ephemera: critical dialogues on organization 2(4): 328-351. Böhm, S.G. and Sørensen, B.M. (2003) ‘Warganization’: Towards a New Political Violence, Pamphlet prepared for a 4th July event at the 19th EGOS Colloquium ‘Organization Analysis Informing Social and Global Development, Copenhagen, Denmark. Book, E.G. (2002) ‘Washington Pulse’, National Defense Magazine, October 2002, On-line. http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/article.cfm?Id=903 (29 September 2003). Borger, J. (2003) ‘US-based missiles have global reach’, The Guardian, 1 July 2003. Boseley, S. (2003) ‘Mood Drug Seroxat Banned for Under-18s’, The Guardian, 11 June 2003. Bourdieu, P. (1990 (1980)) The Logic of Practice, Cambridge: Polity Press. Bourdieu, P. (1998) Acts of resistance: against the tyranny of the market, trans. by Nice, R. The New press, New York Bourdieu, P. (2001) Masculine domination, Blackwell, Oxford Bourgois, P. (1982) ‘What US foreign policy faces in rural El Salvador: an American caught in a government attack that chiefly killed civilians’, The Washington Post, 14 February 1982 Bourgois, P. (2001) ‘The power of violence in war and peace: post-Cold War lessons from El Salvador’, Ethnography, 2(1): 5-34. Bretton Woods Update (2003) ‘SAP Protests Still Raging: Latin America Examples’, Bretton Woods Update 36: 3. Brinkley, C.M. (2001) ‘The people zapper’, Marine Corps Times, 5 March 2001, Online. http://www.globalsecurity.org/org/news/2001/010227zapper.htm (29 September 2003). Broughton, P.D. (2003) ‘Orderly anarchists on fringe of G8 are not happy campers’, The Telegraph, 32 May 2003. Browning, B. (1995) Samba: Resistance in Motion (Arts and Politics of the Everyday), Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Butler, J. 1997 (1990) ‘Subjects of sex/gender/desire’. pp. 278-285 in Kemp, S. and Squires, J. (eds.) Feminisms. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Callewaert, C. (2003) ‘[EU Summit Thessaloniki] Radicale betogingen, wolken traangas en enkele vernielingen’, On-line. http://belgium.indymedia.org/news/2003/06/68958.php (29 January 2004). Callinicos, A. (2003) ‘Toni Negri in perspective’, International Socialism Journal, 92, On-line. http://www.isj1text.ble.org.uk/pubs/isj92/callinicos.htm Campbell, D. (2003) ‘In place of rioting’, The Guardian, 7th August 2003. Carlson, L. (2003) ‘“The WTO Kills Farmers”, In Memory of Lee Kyung Hae’, On-line. http://www.mindfully.org/WTO/2003/Lee-Kyung-Hae-WTO11sep03.htm (24 September 2003). Castellon, D. and Brinkley, C.M. (2003) 'Zapping the enemy', Air Force Times, 24 September 2003, On-line. http://www.airforcetimes.com/archivepaper.php?f=0-AIRPAPER-652385.php (29 September 2003). Chesters, G. (2003) ‘Shape shifting: civil society, complexity and social movements’, Anarchist Studies, 11: 42-65. Christina (2003) ‘A report from Thessaloniki’, On-line. http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2003/07/273740.html (16 September 2003). Churchill, W. Ryan, M. and Mead, E.(1998) Pacifism as Pathology: Reflections on the Role of Armed Struggle in North America. Winnipeg: Arbeiter Ring Publishing. Citymap Thessaloniki (2003) On-line. http://www.salonika-city.de/map/map_en.htm (18 September 2003). Cookson, M. (n.d.) ‘The iron fist behind profits’, Socialist Worker, http://www.socialistworker.co.uk/1768/sw176815.htm, visited 16th July 2003. Coupland, D. (2000 (1991)) Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture, London: Abacus. CrimethInc. Workers’ Collective (2001) Days of War, Nights of Love: Crimethink for Beginners, Atlanta: CrimethInc Free Press. Crisso and Odeteo (2003) ‘BARBARIANS: the disordered insurgence’, On-line. http://www.geocities.com/kk_abacus/ioaa/barbarians.html (18 September 2003). Cross, J. (2003) ‘Anthropology and the anarchists: culture, power, and practice in militant anticapitalist protests’, THEOMAI Journal, Society, Nature and Development Studies 7, http://www.unq.edu.ar/revista-theomai/numero7/artjamiecross7.htm. Csordas, T.J. (1994) Embodiment and Experience: The Existential Ground of Culture and Self. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cuevas, J.R. (2000) ‘The body as a weapon for civil disobedience’, trans. from Spanish by Irlandesa, La Jornada, On-line. http://www.nadir.org/nadir/initiativ/agp/s26/praga/bianche.htm (20 January 2004). Dawkins, R. (1990) The Selfish Gene, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Debord, G. (1983) Society of the Spectacle, Detroit: Black and Red. DefenseLink (1995) ‘Background briefing: non-lethal weapons’, DefenseLink 17 February 1995, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Public Affairs), US Department of Defense, On-line. http://www.defenselink.mil/news/Feb1995/x021795_x0217nlw.html (29 September 2003). Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F. (1988(1980)) A Thousand Plateaus. Capitalism and Schizophrenia vol. 2. Athlone Press, London. Desai, A. (2002) We Are the Poors: Community Struggles in Post-Apartheid South Africa, New York: Monthly Review Press. Destroy DSEi (2003) ‘Homepage’, On-line. http://www.destroydsei.org/index.htm (18 September). Do or Die (2003) Voices from the ecological resistance, Do or Die no. 10, Brighton. Donnelly, T. (principle author) (2000) Rebuilding America's Defenses: Strategy, Forces and Resources For a New Century, a report of The Project for the New American Century, On-line. http://www.newamericancentury.org/RebuildingAmericasDefenses.pdf (2 April 2003). Drury, J. (2003) ‘What critical psychology can(’t) do for the “anti-capitalist movement”’, Annual Review of Critical Psychology, 3: 90-113. Earth Rights International (2003) ‘Outrageous Bush Executive Order on Iraq Oil Must Be Investigated’, On-line. http://www.earthrights.org/news/eo13303.shtml (30 January 2004). Europa (2003) ‘Free Movement of Peoples Within the European Union’, On-line. http://europa.eu.int/en/agenda/schengen.html (18 September 2003). Fanon, F. (2001) The Wretched of the Earth. London: Penguin. Federal Register (2003) Executive Order of The President 13303, On-line. http://a257.g.akamaitech.net/7/257/2422/14mar20010800/edocket.access.gpo.gov/2003/pdf/03- 13412.pdf (30 January 2004). FOCUS (2003) ‘“World’s other superpower” plots its next moves’, Focus on Trade 26 May 2003, Online. http://www.focusweb.org (28 May 2003). Foucault, M. (1998 (1976)) The Will to Knowledge: The History of Sexuality, Volume 1, London: Penguin. Frank (2003) ‘Frank’, ‘2000 anarchists go on rampage in San Francisco’, On-line. http://indymedia.org/news/2003/01/1562024_comment.php#1567370 (19 January 2003). Fulghum, D.A. (2002) ‘Microwave weapons may be ready for Iraq’, Aviation Week and Space Technology, 5 August 2002, On-line. http://www.aviationnow.com/content/publication/awst/20020805/aw24.htm (7 January 2004). Galtung, J. (1969) ‘Violence, peace, and peace research’, Journal of Peace Studies, 6: 167-191. Goaman, K. (??) The Old World is Behind You: The Situationists and Beyond in Contemporary Anarchistic Currents and Milieux, Ph.D. dissertation. Graeber, D. (2002) ‘The new anarchists’, New Left Review, 13: 61-73. Greek Social Forum (2003) On-line. http://www.socialforum.gr/english_index.htm (17 June 2003). Habermas, J. (2001) ‘Why Europe needs a constitution’, New Left Review, 11 (Sept/Oct): 5-26. Hardt, M. and A. Negri (2000) Empire, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Hay, L. (1985) You Can Heal Your Life. New York: Coleman Publishing Inc. Higgott, R. (2003) ‘American Unilateralism, Foreign Economic Policy and the “Securitisation” of Globalisation’, CSGR Working Paper No. 124/03, On-line. http://www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/CSGR/abwp12403.html (23 September 2003). Howden, D. (2003) Tear gas fills Thessaloniki's riot-torn streets as running battles mark end of EU summit, The Independent, 22 June 2003. Imcista IMC-UK (2002) ‘Call for justice for political prisoners in Gothenburg’, On-line, http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2002/06/32972.html (29 January 2004). IMC-Italy (2003a) ‘Prove Video Dell'innocenza di Simon Chapman’, On-line, http://italy.indymedia.org/news/2003/07/323858.php (18 September 2003). IMC-Italy (2003b) http://italy.indymedia.org//uploads/orde.jpg (7 October 2003). IMC-UK (2003a) ‘Thessaloniki: hungerstrikers' determination forces their release’, On-line. http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2003/10/279741.html (29 January 2004). IMC-UK (2003b) ‘Thessaloniki prisoner support’, On-line. http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2003/09/278180.html#cmedia (29 January 2004). Indymedia (2002) Genoa Red Zone: ‘Whatever Force Necessary’ (video), London: Indymedia. IMC-Thessaloniki (2003) ‘Thessaloniki 2003: the Bosses of Europe are coming …’, On-line. http://thessaloniki.indymedia.org/?lang=en (17 June 2003). Infernal Noise Brigade (2003) ‘Unofficial Infernal Manifesto’, On-line. http://www.infernalnoise.org/text.html (23 September 2003). Infoshop (2003) ‘Black Blocs for Dummies’, On-line. http://www.infoshop.org/blackbloc.html (7 October 2003). Javier (2003) ‘Urgent forum solidarity: Geneva activist charged’, On-line. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (30 January 2004). Jazz (2001) The tracks of our tears, pp 80-100 in Anon (ed.) On Fire, One Off Press, London. Jensen, D. (2000) A Language Older Than Words, New York: Souvenir Press. Jordan, J. and Whitney, J. (2002) Argentina’s popular uprising: an eyewitness account of the financial meltdown and ongoing grassroots rebellion. Que se vayan todos, part 1 Judith, A. (1996) Eastern Body, Western Mind: Psychology and the Chakra System as a Path to the Self. Celestial Arts, Berkeley. Juventudes Libertarias (Anarchist Youth) Bolivia (2001) ‘With Dynamite and Molotovs, Anarchists Occupy Government Buildings’, 2 July 2001, pp. 109-110 in Dark Star (eds.) (2002) Quiet Rumours: An Anarchist-Feminist Reader, Edinburgh, San Francisco: AK Press/Dark Star. Kaczynski (2002 (1995)) Industrial Society and its Future: By ‘FC’ aka ‘The Unabomber Manifesto’, Leeds, Bristol: Re-Pressed Distribution, Untamed Distribution. Kambas, M. and Pangalos, P. (2003) ‘Anti-capitalist Protesters Torch Greek Shops’, On-line. http://www.nadir.org/nadir/initiativ/agp/free/thessaloniki/0621anarchy.htm (16 September 2003). Killing King Abacus (2001) ‘Some notes on insurrectionary anarchism’, Killing King Abacus, 2: 1, 3- 4. Kingsnorth, P. (2003) One No, Many Yeses: A Journey to the Heart of the Global Resistance Movement, London: Simon and Schuster. Klausman, U., Meinzerin, M. and Kuhn, G. (1997) Women Pirates and the Politics of the Jolly Roger. London: Black Rose Press. Koch, C. (2004) The Day the World Said No to War: 02/15, Edinburgh: AK Press. Lackey, R. (2002) ‘Making the breach: utilization of the Active Denial System in the MOUT environment’, The Urban Operations Journal, 2002, On-line. http://www.urbanoperations.com/lackey.htm (29 September 2003). La Haine (2003) ‘Tesalónica: Galería Gráfica de la Represión del 21 de Junio’, On-line. http://www.lahaine.org/global/tesa_fotos_21j.htm (16 September 2003). Laing, R.D. (1967) The Politics of Experience and The Bird of Paradise, London: Penguin Books. Lao Tsu (1972) Tao te Ching, a new translation by Feng, G-F. and English, J. London: Wildwood House. Lawrence (2003) ‘Fears of Self-Harm Prompt Drug Curb for Young’, The Independent, 20 September 2003. Lenin, V. (1993 (1920)) Left Wing Communism: An Infantile Disorder. London: Bookmarks. LeBrun, A. (n.d.) Gynocracy Song, trans. William, M. intro. Landstreicher, W. On-line. http://www.omnipresence.mahost.org/annie.htm (10 December 2003). Lee, T. (2003) ‘Fairford security’, On-line. E-mail: Terrylee@Green1.waitrose.com (4 March 2003). Le Guin, U. (1974) The Dispossessed, London: Gollancz. Los Ricos, R. (2003) Depressed, Insane and Totally Fucked Up: Coping With Today’s Society. London: Wildfire Collective. Lothene Experimental Archaeology (n.d.) ‘Women as warriors in history: 3500BC to the 20th century’, On-line. http://www.lothene.demon.co.uk/others/women.html (28 January 2004). Marcellus, O. (2003) ‘Evaluation of the G8-Evian mobilization… and a debate to be had on violence’, http://lists.riseup.net/www/arc/caravan99. Maslow, A. (1973) The Farther Reaches of Human Nature, Harmondsworth: Penguin. McGreevy, B. (2003) ‘2000 Anarchists go on Rampage in San Francisco’, On-line. http://sf.indymedia.org/news/2003/01/1562024_comment.php#1567370 (7 October 2003). Milia, D. (2000) Self Mutilation and Art Therapy: Violent Creation, London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Millar, S. and Langley, A (2003) ‘G8 protester to prosecute Swiss police’, The Guardian, 9 June 2003. Miller, A. (2001 (1979)) The Drama of Being a Child. Trans. by Ward, R. London: Virago. Mindell, A. (1995) Sitting in the Fire|
Actions (login required)